“The Indian Dharma” Blog – An Important Announcement!!


Dear Readers of “The Indian Dharma”,

With the divine grace of Bhagawan Shri Rama and Sita Devi, we’ve so far witnessed three main “Kaandas’ – “Baala Kaanda”, “Ayodhya Kaanda” and “Aaranya Kaanda” of our Ramayana text in minute detail. We are currently witnessing through the “Kishkinta Kaanda” wherein, we are enjoying the beauty and significance of Hanuman – The “Aachaarya” or the “Guru”.

So far, we have come up with around 170 episodes and we’ve looked into minute details of the Valmiki Ramayana text, in relevance with the modern-day life and also a few Management concepts that can be derived from this great Indian epic. So far, you readers have been gracious enough to spend your valuable time and effort to read and comment on the episodes that are being published regularly. My humble and sincere thanks to all of you!

Of late, there had been a number of queries put forward to me by many of our readers as to how to get access to all the previous episodes of our blog. Just for an information, all our previous episodes are archived at the “Home Page”of this blog site. You can access it through the following link – http://www.theindiandharma.wordpress.com

If you are an active Facebook user, you can visit the Facebook Page titled “The Indian Dharma” and all the 133 episodes published so far are archived there! You can Like/Follow the page and get the access! For your convenience, I’m sharing the link to the Facebook page below:


Also, there are many requests from readers across all spectrums that all these episodes be converted into a book. I would like to thank all of you for the suggestions and this has finally motivated me to come out with a book on the lines of this blog. The book is still a “Work in progress” and I shall come up with the details of the book once it takes shape.

To reiterate the aim of this blog once again, the most important purpose is to spread our rich culture and values across the world and try to bring about a small positive change amidst our society. I once again request all of you to join hands and work together as a team for achieving this cause!

Thank you once again for all of your kind support and love! Looking forward for your continued support in the days to come!

Jai Shree Ram!!!

Episode 170 – Importance of “Body Language” while talking – Rama praises Hanuman’s speech!!!


In the previous episode we witnessed four important aspects that needs to be taken care of while delivering an address in a public forum. They are Eethi, Sheegri, Shirah Khampi and Likitha Paatakaha. We understood the significance of each one of them in yesterday’s episode. In this episode, we would see the significance of maintaining a good body language while delivering a lecture or a presentation as mentioned in the “Shaastras” (Hindu Scriptures). We shall explore a few key aspects in this context.

First, while delivering a lecture, the orator should not keep jumping around all over the stage. This would distract the audience because their attention would be shifted from the subject to the unwanted physical movements of the orator. Hence, it is advisable that the orator maintains minimal to zero physical movement while delivering an address or lecture.

Second, while the talk is going on, the audience should be able to clearly distinguish between two successive words used by the orator. This directly implies that the orator should have a clear diction while talking. The audience should be able to feel the difference between two successive words, but at the same time there shouldn’t be a feeling that they are two separate words. In simpler terms, the diction and the speed of the talk should balance out with each other, and only then the human brain would directly receive the content of the talk.

Third, the important points under discussion during the lecture, should be repeated minimum twice or thrice to enable better understanding for the audience. Here lies the significance of “Reinforcement”. On the contrary, if the orator explains a seemingly tough context just once, there is a possibility that a majority of the audience wouldn’t end up understanding it. Hence it’s advisable that the orator reinforces the important points more than once so as to enable proper and better understanding and interpretation by the audience.

Fourth, there should compulsorily be an introduction and a conclusion as integral parts of an oration. This is to ensure that the audience have a continuity with what was said during the previous /next session of the talk.

Fifth, the orator should convey concepts that are difficult to understand and interpret, within the first 30-45 minutes of the lecture. Else, the audience would become restless after some time and would lose concentration and ultimately the concepts wouldn’t be grasped.

Thus Rama says to Lakshmana that Hanuman seems to be an expert in all the above-mentioned skills and thus he’s able to deliver such an excellent speech. One might be curious that why is Lord Rama placing so much emphasis on Hanuman’s speech and why is Lord Rama giving so much of importance to a person whom he had met just now! We shall find out the answers for these interesting questions in the next episode!

Episode 169 – Four important aspects in the Ramayana for an effective corporate speech!!!


In the previous episode we witnessed the importance of speed while talking, along with a few important “soft skills”. In due course we also witnessed how a “smile” is important on the face of the speaker while talking.

Here, I’m adding an extended explanation to the sloka (verse) stated in the previous episode. The ancient scriptures (Shaastra) lists down four subtle but very important aspects to be taken care of while delivering a lecture or an address. They are “Eethi”, “Sheegri”, “Shirahkampi” and “Likitha paatakaha”. I shall give an explanation about each of the above with the modern day’s relevance.

Eethi – While delivering a lecture, the orator should neither sing in between the talk, nor talk in a way that is musical in nature. The only exception where this rule is not applicable is “Harikatha” (a popular style of discourse that is in praise of Lord Vishnu). The focus should only be on the content of the talk and directly to the point, rather than employing other means like singing to while away the time. This is a way to be precise in what we talk and thus this assumes lot of significance.

Sheegri – The talking should not be way too fast, that the audience wouldn’t be able to understand even a word out of the entire lecture!

Shirahkhampi – While talking, the speaker should not move his head too much. This might distract the audience and the focus on the subject might be lost. The head position is to be maintained still as much as possible throughout the entire talk, and it is also to be ensured that proper eye-contact is maintained with the audience at all times. This is extremely important because the audience might lose focus and feel disconnected when the speaker doesn’t adequately look at them.

Likitha Paatakaha – This means that the speaker should avoid looking into the paper/book/notes while delivering a speech. It should be ensured that the talk happens only with the audience in focus, and not anything else in between. There are two serious repercussions if the speaker goes against this rule. Firstly, the flow of words while talking gets affected if there’s a constant referring to the notes during the lecture. This affects the concentration of the speaker to a great extent and there would be pauses and fillers while talking, which is not a good sign. Secondly, if the person refers too much into the text while talking, it can be understood that he/she is not confident about what is being delivered and hence, the speaker might be in danger of losing respect among the audience. Hence, adequate care is required in this important aspect of delivering a lecture/speech.

Thus Rama says to Lakshmana that Hanuman is a master of all the above four important techniques and thus he delivers such an excellent talk! In the next episode we would look into more aspects pertaining to body language and how important is body language while talking!

Episode 168 – Importance of “Speed” and “Clear Diction” while talking – Rama praises Hanuman’s speech!!!


In the previous episode we understood the significance of body language of the speaker, while delivering an address. Special emphasis was given to the facial expressions of the person while talking. In today’s episode we would see and appreciate the importance of “Speed” while talking. What does Rama had to say about Hanuman in this particular context? Let’s read on!!

Rama continues in praise of Hanuman:

“Avistharamasanviddham avilambithamadrutham!

Urastham kantakam vaakyam vartathe madhyamasware!!”

 Rama explains here to Lakshmana that Hanuman has maintained the same speed of speaking throughout the entire duration of his speech.

Here are extremely important corporate learnings: Rama explains that, while delivering a lecture or an address, care should be taken so as to ensure that there is a uniformity in terms of speed and also in terms of the tone (Dhwani). In some cases we might have seen that people start talking at a high tone and putting in lot of energy into it, with long sentences and without taking a breath or a pause in between. This would easily result in the orator becoming tired and exhausted mid-way and because of that, he/she might even start struggling for words. It’s well known that such ways of talking are not permissible in a professional set-up. So, the learning from this verse is that, we should maintain a medium and a uniform speed of talking throughout the entire duration of the conversation.

If the speech is delivered too quickly (for instance, 180-200 words per minute), the orator might not be able to establish a good connect with the audience. On the contrary, if the speech were delivered way too slow with too many pauses in between, this would invariably make the audience go off to sleep! Here, we can understand and infer that both the extreme variations of speeds are not acceptable and thus, a balance should be achieved so that it’s neither too fast nor too slow.

In every language, there are certain alphabets that are to be pronounced with an “open voice”, certain alphabets that are to be pronounced with the “head voice”, certain alphabets that are to be pronounced strongly by exerting energy from the stomach/abdomen and certain alphabets that are to be pronounced by twisting our tongue in certain fashions (today we call them as “tongue-twisters”). Only if proper attention is given to all the above-mentioned methodologies of pronunciation, will our communication be effective for the audience to understand and interpret.

Also, Rama continues to say that Hanuman always had a pleasing smile throughout his oration. This is a very important aspect while talking. A pleasant face is to be maintained for the entire duration of the talk. This is directly related to the psychological aspect of listening and grasping in a human being. Anything that is conveyed with a smile and a pleasant look has more probability of being grasped and interpreted by the audience.

So Rama says here that Hanuman is giving an excellent oration only because he has gained mastery over all the above skills.

In addition to this, there are four very important but subtle aspects that are necessary to give an impactful lecture. What are they? Let’s wait till the next episode to find out!!





Episode 167 – Rama praises Hanuman’s speech – Importance of “Facial Expressions” & “Pitch” while talking!!!


In the previous episode we witnessed that Rama is praising Hanuman for his usage of the apt words for the apt context and explains how important it is to talk without making even a single mistake in what is being spoken! In today’s episode we shall move further to see the importance of “Soft skills” while delivering a speech. We shall obtain a very important learning for delivering a corporate address by following this important aspect while talking!

Rama continues….

“Namukhe nethrayoschaapi lalaatecha bruvosthathaa!

Anveshwapicha sarveshu doshassamvidhitam kvachit!!”

 Rama continues his praise for Hanuman by saying, “Yes. He’s a learned person, and so he talks well.. That’s fine, because this might be seen in many learned scholars elsewhere. But what’s more important is that, the manner in which he talks. His facial expressions were extremely minimal and his eyebrows never shrank. His head was still without any movement. He has spoken with the same beauty of talking for every minute!”

From this point onwards, we’re going to see very important aspects of a good speech, especially for corporate employees who focus on soft skills. We can see the various essentialities that are extremely important for a person while he/she delivers an address or a corporate presentation.

Firstly, the facial expressions of the person who is presenting the content should be as minimal as possible – In olden days musicians do “Saadagam” (rigorous practice) of music during the early morning hours (also called “Brahma muhurtam”). During this practice session if a person is singing with a pot full of oil on his/her head, that pot should not even move an inch in any direction. Hence we can see that the focus is on the content of the subject, rather than the facial and other physical expressions, because, if there are too many facial expressions, the focus of the audience would be veered away from the main content of the program and such things are not admissible. This is applicable both for music as well as talking.

Secondly, the pitch in which the person is talking should be maintained the same from the beginning till the end. For instance, in music, the pitch should be selected according to the capability of the singer’s voice texture. Else if portions of the song goes into a higher or a lower pitch it would be difficult to reach those points and it sounds awkward during a concert. Similarly for a speech, the voice texture should be constant for the entire duration of the presentation and it should not move up and down unnecessarily.

Thus Rama says here that Hanuman is giving an excellent oration only because he has gained mastery over all the above skills.

In the next episode we shall witness how important is the “speed” of talking and the diction in articulating the words while talking! These are again extremely important lessons for corporate lectures, and we shall wait till the next episode to find out!

Episode 166 – Rama praises Hanuman’s talk – Importance of “Language Expertise” while talking!!!


In the previous episode we witnessed the importance of learning the different sects of Vedas and what characteristics can be imbibed by learning each of them. Lord Rama clearly mentions them while appreciating Hanuman’s talking! Today let us continue further and see some more important aspects of delivering a good corporate presentation, from Lord Rama’s messages!

Rama continues in praise of Hanuman:

“Noonam vyaakarnam krisnam anena bahudaashritam!

Bahuvyaakartaanena nakinchit abashabdvitam!!”

 This is a very important verse. Rama says to Lakshmana “I’ve been keenly watching Hanuman talk for the past fifteen minutes or so. However I couldn’t find even one mistake in the words he used and also in the way he formed his sentences. Some people would speak four words continuously with one mistake in the middle, whereas some people would speak ten words with two or three mistakes in the middle. But for the past fifteen minutes of Hanuman’s speech, I failed to deduct even one mistake in whatever he spoke!

Rama continues, “The way he combines the usage of words to form a sentence suggests to me that he has learnt the “Vyaakarnam” (Grammar of the Sanskrit language), “Tarka Shaastra” (The expertise of using the apt words for the apt context) and “Bhimaamsa” (The expertise of explaining a highly thought-provoking research material) thoroughly). It is to be noted that Hanuman is also called as “Nava-Vyaakarna Panditha” which means that he has mastered all the nine chapters of the Sanskrit grammar. It’s common that the modern-day human being takes minimum twelve years to learn one chapter of “Vyaakarnam” and even this is too difficult for us. But there are supposed to be nine chapters of Vyaakarnam that exists in the Sanskrit language. It is said that Hanuman, when he was a kid, has learnt all the nine chapters from Soorya Bhagavan (The Sun God) within just nine days (One chapter per day, from dawn till dusk).

When Rama says Nakinchit abashabdvitam” in the last part of the verse, he says that Hanuman has that great skill of being “perfectly precise” in whatever content he conveys. Here we can learn the importance of putting the apt words to suit the context. In a speech, it’s not acceptable if a person uses too many words/phrases that are not apt for that particular context. In any language, if a person has to combine words in the fashion that conveys the exact meaning precisely, he should be an expert in the grammar (Vyaakarnam) of that language. If one has to make sure that he conveys exactly what he wants to convey, he should be an expert in “Tharkka Shaastra” and whatever has to be conveyed, has to be a highly thought-provoking and a thought-triggering expertise matter. For this, one should be an expert in “Bhimaamsa”. So, Rama says that Hanuman has the expertise on all the above said things and that’s why he’s delivering such an impressive speech.

Further to this, Rama also explains the significance of “Soft Skills” as we call in the modern day corporate terminology. What are they? Why are they important while delivering an address? Let’s wait to find out in the next episode!!

Episode 165 – Rama praises Hanuman’s speech – Importance of learning the Vedas!!!



In the previous episode we witnessed that Hanuman has completed his talk for around fifteen minutes continuously and eventually Rama turns towards Lakshmana and asks him to respond to Hanuman. Meanwhile we had also discussed a very important leadership quality as to who should address whom! As Lakshmana is about to start his reply to Hanuman, Rama stops him again!

Lakshmana is curious and asks Rama why did he stop him even before he started talking. Rama replies, “Oh Lakshmana! Please be careful while you talk to this person! I’ve never heard such an excellent and a brilliant speech from anyone in my life so far!!” Saying thus, he cautions Lakshmana to be careful in what he replies.

Rama goes on further to explain in detail how he admired Hanuman’s speech. Rama has a unique distinction called Vaakmi Shrimaan, meaning An expert in talking”. If Rama has to appreciate someone for his or her speech, we can infer the significance of Hanuman in this context – He has the unique status of being the “Aachaarya” meaning, “The Supreme Teacher(I shall explain in a later context, why is Hanuman considered to be in this status). Normally in Valmiki’s Ramayana there are very few instances wherein Rama praises anybody else, but here, he’s in full praise and appreciation to the way Hanuman crafted his speech. This is going to be a good learning for all of us – How to deliver an excellent and an eye-catching speech? How do we conduct ourselves in front of a group of audience? What are the things to do and things to avoid? Rama himself gives a detailed accord and says that all these characteristics are imbibed in Hanuman and that’s the reason why he talks so well! Here, we can look into a verse from a very famous text called “Thirukkural” written by Thiruvalluvar in Tamil. It states the following:

“Iniya ulavaaga innaadha kooral kani iruppakkaai kavarndhattru!!”

It means that, a person should never employ a bad or a filthy language to address another person. The language that we use should be pleasing for the audience to listen to. People should not feel irritated or bored in listening to our talk. Hence in this way, Rama tells Lakshmana, the following. There are five to six verses in this context in the text of Vaalmiki Ramayana and starting from here, we shall explore one by one in subsequent episodes to gain a detailed understanding:

“Naanrig veda vineetasya naa yajur veda dhaarinaha!

Naa saama veda vidushaha sakhyamevam prabhaashitum!!”

In this above verse, Rama says that if a person hasn’t learnt the Rig Veda or Yajur Veda or Saama Veda thoroughly, he cannot talk excellently like this. We can note at this point that, by learning each sect of the Vedas, one can attain different characteristics. Only if one learns the Rig-veda thoroughly, he would get the “Politeness” and “Humility” (also called “Vinayam” in Sanskrit) in his speech. Only if one learns the Yajur-veda, he will attain the power of “remembering” things (also called Dhaarana Shakti” in Sanskrit) in his mind perfectly. This is because, in Yajur-veda there are lots of verses that are very difficult to pronounce, read and remember. Only if a person by-hearts the entire text and keeps recollecting it frequently, he would be able to remember everything. Only if a person learns the Saama-veda, he would attain the power of shrewdness and grasping the content of the subject easily (also called “Vaidushya Buddhi” in Sanskrit). Rama says that only because Hanuman has a mastery over all these kinds of Vedas he’s able to craft his speech so well.

What are the other aspects of Hanuman’s speech that Rama is in all praise for? What are the techniques that we can learn with respect to delivering a good corporate lecture? Let’s wait till the next episode to find out!

Episode 164 – Rama responds to Hanuman’s introduction – An important leadership quality explained!!!


In the previous episode we had witnessed that Hanuman comes in front of Rama and Lakshmana to understand the whereabouts of the two handsome young princes. However, as Hanuman sees Lord Rama in front of him for the first time, due to his “Brahma-Gnyaana” (Knowledge of the supreme), he was able to realize that he was standing in front of Rama, who is none other than the Lord of the Universe! The moment Hanuman realizes this truth, he is in tears of joy and his love for Rama started to flow like a fast-flowing river! The ravishing beauty of Lord Rama captured his heart once and for all!

As Hanuman is so impressed with the appearance of Rama and Lakshmana, he formally introduces himself to them and tells the story of Sugriva and the related happenings in a jist. As Hanuman was talking on for fifteen minutes, Rama and Lakshmana admire the way Hanuman is talking with them and wait patiently till he completes his accord.

Once Hanuman finishes his talk, Rama takes a deep breath and looks at Lakshmana who’s at his side and says the following:


Eva muktvaa tu hanumaanstou veerau raamalakshmanau!

Vaakyagnau vaakya kushalaha punarnovaacha kinchana!!

Ethachruthva vachastasya raamo lakshmanamabraveeth!

Prahrushta vadanashreemaan bhraatharam paarshvathassthitham!!”


Rama looks at Lakshmana with a smiling and a beaming face due to the admiration of the speech given by Hanuman. He’s overwhelmed with the way Hanuman spoke, and now he says to Lakshmana the following:


“Thamabhya baasha saumithri sugriva sachivam kapim!

Vaakyagnau madhurair vaakyayihi snehamutthamarindhamau!!”


By the above verse Rama says to Lakshmana, Oh Saumithri!! (Another name of Lakshmana that means the son of Sumithra Devi) This person by name Hanuman has come in front of us, introducing himself as the minister of the Vanara King Sugriva. Hence, you address him by introducing us and by explaining to him as to why we’re here!”

Here comes an important clarification: Why is Rama asking Lakshmana to speak to Hanuman? Why doesn’t he talk? To answer this question, it is to be understood that there’s a “Raaja Dharma” (The righteous duty of a king) that clearly mentions who should talk with whom. In other words, there is a rule that only a king should address another king and a minister should address the minister of another king. This implies that a king should not directly address the minister of another king. Rama continues, “Had Sugriva come in person, then I would have spoken to him. But Hanuman has come here, and he has introduced himself to be Sugriva’s minister. In this dense forest where will I go in search of a minister for myself? So my dear Lakshmana, you’re my minister, my father and my brother – You’re everything for me. Hence, you’ll be the right person to talk to Hanuman!” We can witness this “Dharma” in the modern day aspects of efficient Leadership. As a leader, one should know whom and how to address.

After hearing this from his brother, Lakshmana prepares himself to address Hanuman. At that moment when Lakshmana is about to begin his reply, Rama stops him again and says, “Oh Lakshmana! Please wait!” Lakshmana gets puzzled as to why is his brother stopping him from proceeding further. We shall also wait till the next episode to find out the reason!!


Episode 163 – Hanuman sees Lord Rama for the first time!!!


In the previous episode we witnessed that Sugriva and his ministers including Hanuman, Jambhavan, Angadha, etc. were in a state of surprise upon seeing two handsome young princes walking towards the Rishyamukha Mountain. They go into a huddle and plan how to face these two princes and finally it was decided that Hanuman is the right person for this mission.

Accordingly, Hanuman prepares himself for the task. His idea was to gather all possible information about Rama and Lakshmana, but without revealing his own identity. Hence Hanuman decides to change his appearance and thus takes the form of a “Bikshu” or a “Sanyaasin” (Brahmin/Saint) and appears in front of Rama and Lakshmana.

 “Kapi roopam parityajya hanumaan maarutaatmajaha!

Bhikshu roopam tatho bheje shatabuddhi daya kapihi!!”

Thus as we see, when Hanuman comes to meet Rama & Lakshmana, he didn’t have the courage to reveal his true self. There was no honesty in him because of the fear for Vaali. His initial agenda was to know about the two princes, but without revealing who he was. But when he comes and sees Rama for the first time, he bows down to him, gets up and the very first sentence he spoke was “I’m Hanuman”!! 🙂

We might be surprised here! Why did he blurt out the truth about himself in his first conversation itself? What made him do that, even though he didn’t want to reveal himself to Rama? Here’s a deeper inner meaning to this context. It can be understood with the help of the following sloka:

“Vidyate hridayat grantihi chityante sarva samshayaaha!

Kshiyantechascha karmaani tasmin drishe paraavare!!”

This verse tells us that if we worship the Lord face to face in person, all our sins get washed away at that very moment itself. It’s only because of our sins that we do not have the honesty in us. Once all our sins get washed away, we would automatically become honest and straightforward in our thoughts and actions! Now in this context, we can see that Hanuman has worshipped the Lord face to face, and all his sins that were sticking on to him were washed away and thus he became automatically honest and straightforward and thus he straightaway reveals to Rama that he’s Hanuman!! Another inner meaning to this context is that, Hanuman had been blessed and bestowed with the “Brahma-Gnyaana” (the supreme ability to realize the divine) by Lord Brahma (the Creator of the world), during his early childhood days. Lord Brahma had then said to Hanumaan, “Upon seeing ‘someone’ in front of you, when your bones would melt and your body bows down automatically with your eyes filled with tears of joy, love and devotion, you’ll realize that this ‘someone’ is the supreme divine!!” So, Hanuman now sees this ‘someone’ in Lord Rama, subsequently he was in tears, his bones and body started melting in devotion and love, thus straightaway  expressing his true self to Bhagawan!

Hanuman continues to talk to Rama and Lakshmana, “I’m Hanuman, minister of the Vaanara king Sugriva.. We’re hiding amidst this mountain due to the fear for Vaali, the brother of Sugriva… Both of you seem to be great princes from a great kingdom. Why are you roaming around in a dense forest like this? Why did you come here? Who are you looking for in this place? Your ‘Lakshanas’ (body features), your straightforward vision, your upright posture and the way you hold the bow – All of these suggest to me that you are great warriors. So please tell me who are you both!”

Hanuman talks on for fifteen minutes continuously as Rama & Lakshmana look on with great awe. Rama waits patiently till Hanuman completes his talking. Here’s a very important learning: When a person talks or delivers an address, we should always allow him/her to finish fully and never interfere in the middle of the talk! This is a very important aspect of a good leader too!

Hanuman, after talking for fifteen long minutes suddenly realizes that he’s talking a bit too much. He wonders within himself, Oh my goodness!! Why am I talking so much to these two strangers? Now I’m going to be silent and let these two people do the rest of the talking! Let us now focus on our mission to know the whereabouts of these two princes!” So he decides to keep quiet and wants to listen from Rama & Lakshmana.

How did Rama and Lakshmana respond to Hanuman’s speech? The answers lie in the next episode!

Episode 162 – Sugriva spots two young princes walking towards Rishyamukha Mountain!!!


In the previous episode we had witnessed that Rama and Lakshmana are nearing the Rishyamukha mountain on the banks of the huge sprawling Pampa Sarovar lake. As they reach the vicinity of this place, they were unable to trace the whereabouts of Sugriva and hence, Rama becomes even more depressed and starts weeping bitterly! At one stage he loses hope that he would find his beloved Sita and requests Lakshmana to go back to Ayodhya and thereby rule the kingdom along with Bharata. However, Lakshmana remained unfazed! He was steadfast in his approach and devotion towards his dear brother. Lakshmana consoles Rama that they would definitely find Sugriva and move on further very soon.

As Rama and Lakshmana are thus slowly approaching the foot hills of the Rishyamukha Mountain, Sugriva who was sitting at the top of the mountain spots two young handsome princes walking their way towards him! Along with Sugriva were his ministers Jaambhavaan, Hanuman, Angadha and others of the great Vaanara (monkey) community. The two handsome princes who were walking by the side of the Rishyamukha Mountain caught their attention and they started to wonder who were they and why are they coming here!

“Thou thu drishtvaa mahaathmaanau bhraatharau raama lakshmanau!

Varaayudhadharau veerau sugreevaha sankitho bhavath!!”

Sugriva, thus seeing these two young princes was in a confused state. He thinks to himself, “Oh! These two princes look tall, handsome and well built and the way they are walking is so impressive! Who are these people?” In fact, Sugriva had two thoughts running simultaneously in his mind now – His first thought was, what if these two princes were sent by his brother Vaali to kill him and the rest of the Vaanaraas? The other thought that he had was, if these two were not sent by Vaali, why can’t we use them to kill him?

“Uddhigrah hrudayassarvaa disashshamaba lokayan!

Naiva chakre manasthaathum veekshamaanau mahaabalau!!”

Thinking thus, Sugriva was in a state of fear and confusion as to how to deal with the two princes who were coming towards them. Thus, Hanuman comes near Sugriva and says, “Oh Sugriva! Please do not get afraid! If you start getting afraid for everything in life, then it would be very tough to live. Let’s calm down and think as to how do we handle them!” Saying thus, Sugriva gets into a huddle with all his Vaanara ministers and at the end of the huddle it was decided that Hanuman should be sent as a messenger to find out who those two princes are!

It was at this point that we are going to get introduced to one of the main persons of the entire Ramayana story – Hanuman.

“Vacho vignyaana hanuman sugreevasya mahaathmanaha!

Parvathaa rishymookasthu vuppluve yathra raaghavau!!”

From the above sloka, Valmiki Maharishi beautifully introduces Hanuman into the scene, as he gets himself prepared to face the two princes who are coming their way! Sugriva calls Hanuman by his side and says, “Oh Hanuman! You are the right person to undertake this mission! Please go in front of them and get all their details and whereabouts!”

Accordingly, Hanuman starts from Sugriva’s place and comes along. From now on we are going to witness the very important and one of the most interesting phases of the Ramayana – Hanumad Prabhaavam. Starting from this point itself, we can witness at every instance of the Ramayana as to how did Hanuman be of selfless service to both Sita and Rama! We shall wait till the next episode to commence the “Hanumad Prabhaavam” in detail!