In the previous episode we had witnessed four important points explained by Vidura as we are amidst the transition to the last “Adhyaaya” of the Vidura Neeti. In the sloka that we had witnessed yesterday, we had seen four different strategies to win over four different categories of people. We’ve witnessed the outline and overview of it yesterday and in today’s episode we shall enter into a deeper insight of the same.
As we move on, let us witness the sloka once more, so that we shall get a bit more clarity on what we’re going to discuss
“Ahkrodhena jayeth krodham asaadhum saadhunaa jayeth!
Jayeth kadhariyam daanena jayeth satyena cha anritham!!”
Readers should note one thing very carefully here – If we say “win over” someone in this context, it doesn’t mean that we should be winning over someone due to enemity alone. It simply means how to “handle” different types or categories of people differently. Hence readers shouldn’t mistake the usage of the phrase “win over”. As we take up the first point, Vidura explains “Ahkrodhena jayeth krodham” – This means that if an angry person has to be won over, we should adopt the strategy of “angerless behavior”. This is an extremely important point that Vidura is stressing and in fact, he is reminding King Dhirdiraashtra that the Paandavas are an epitome of this particular point. It should be remembered that whenever the Paandavas were insulted by Duryodhana, they never resorted to angry or aggressive behavior towards him and rather, they were taking all the tantrums in a quiet manner without any hiccups. This is where Vidura points out that this behavior of the Paandavas only shows their magnanimity and respect towards King Dhiridraashtra, and not their inability to fight back against Duryodhana. Vidura time and again reminds King Dhirdiraashtra that he and his son should never commit the mistake of underestimating the valor and ability of the Paandava brothers. It is only because the Paandavas respect King Dhirdiraashtra as their own father, things are not backfiring at the moment. But this is not going to last for long. Vidura urges King Dhiridraashtra that before such a backlash comes through, he should get his acts together and prevent it from happening.
This point is of course not just applicable to King Dhirdiraashtra, but to all of us in the modern day as well. As Vidura says, anger can be countered by love and affection, we’ve been witnessing many testimonies to validate this point in the present-day world. Right from the days of our freedom struggle with the British, India and particularly Mahatma Gandhiji is known for his “Ahimsa” or “non-violence”. What better example do we need to highlight this point? As arrogance was building up towards India, there was this one person who tried to counter this arrogance through peace and tranquility. When violence and clashes began to erupt in many parts of the country, this non-violence movement saw tremendous response from many quarters of people and finally after a long struggle, India achieved what it has to achieve! Thus, if an entire country can attain independence with this one point of countering anger with love and affection, we can understand the significance here.
There can be innumerable such examples wherein this holds true and we as ardent followers of “Sanaathana Dharma” should realize that our Bhaarata Desha (India) is known to the outside world for its love and affection. Why are Indians being regarded as highly intelligent people across the world? It is only because we know how to control our mind and practice peace and harmony. In fact, our entire “Sanaathana Dharma” revolves around this one point – How to control our mind and how do we attain the ultimate peace of mind within us, which sadly other religions across the world do not really teach. This is the reason why Hinduism is rated as one of the best religions in the world and this is why people across the globe flock towards India in search of peace of mind.
While we feel proud of this fact about our mother India, we should also take it as an important learning that violence and anger cannot solve any problem. It would only aggravate the problem beyond a permissible limit and ultimately, we would fall into a mess. Hence, as far as possible we should try our best not to counter anger with equal anger and violence. Of course, there might be few situations wherein this might not work. There are few situations wherein, exhibiting anger and aggressiveness becomes compulsory, but even in those situations, we should make sure that we exhibit “controlled aggression” and not too much of it.
So for today, let us ponder over this important point of Vidura and let us try to implement this point meticulously in whatever we do and whomever we interact with in our daily life. We shall wait till the next episode to witness the remaining three points of the sloka in detail. Stay tuned! 😊