Episode # 280 – “YOGA-KSHEMAM” – Its significance in modern day Human Resources Management!!!


In the previous episode we had witnessed yet another important point emphasized upon by Vidura wherein he extorts that if it comes to our spiritual growth and development, we should be selfish at any cost, before assisting others. However if it comes to the other worldly aspects like doing service to others, helping others to satisfy their day to day physical requirements, we should be totally selfless in our approach. The reason why Vidura explains that we need to be selfish when it comes to our spiritual development is because, if we start looking at others, we would tend to compare us with them and eventually we would lose our focus and concentration in uplifting ourself.

However having said that, we had asked a question at the end of yesterday’s episode – If Vidura says that we should be selfish towards our spiritual development, why did he spend so much of time explaining these kinds of aspects to King Dhirdiraashtra? It must be noted here that all what we’re witnessing in the Vidura Neeti, is directly linked to the realization of the supreme truth of the Aatman. If this is the case, why should Vidura devote so much of time to look at King Dhirdiraashtra and explain to him in detail? Isn’t he wasting his time and isn’t he losing his focus? The important answer to this question is that, Vidura is already a realized soul! It should be recollected from our earlier episodes that Vidura is none other than the son of “Yama-Dharma-Raaja”, who himself is an epitome of “Dharma”. Thus we can understand that a person, if and only if he/she becomes an epitome of “Dharma” himself or herself, would he/she be eligible to render advice or guidance to others. Thus in a nutshell, we can still look at others and try to guide them spiritually, but only after we realize the ultimate truth! In this Kali Yuga only very few people in this world has this capability – In the likes of “Sadgurus” (Spiritual Masters). Thus only those people who have by their intense spiritual practices, realized the significance of their Aatman are eligible to look and guide others on their path. People like us who are not even 1% qualified, should not even think of looking at others in terms of spiritual upliftment. Thus the point here is that, when it comes to spiritual upliftment and growth, we should look into ourselves first, before looking at others. Also, we should correct our mistakes first, before looking at the mistakes of others.

Now moving on thus, Vidura explains that if we’re blaming someone for something, or if we’re making fun of someone for something, we should avoid doing so, if it affects our “Yogakshema”.. Vidura explains this point beautifully thus:

“Yeshu dushteshu doshahasyaath yogakshemasya bhaarata!

Sadaah prasaadanam teshaam devataanam iva chareth!!”

Now as we move into the explanation of this sloka, we should first understand what is meant by “Yogakshema”. This is quite a popular word in Sanskrit and even in the Bhagawad Gita, Bhagawan Krishna mentions this phrase – “Yogakshemam vahaamyaham!!” So what is this “Yogakshemam” and what does it mean? If we get something that is extraordinary to get in this world, it is called “Yogam”. Even in colloquial terms we commonly use this word called “Yogam”, which means “bountiful” and “excellent”. Thus if we get something good which others do not get so easily, it is technically considered to be a “Yogam”. For instance, if we go to a “Sadguru” or a “Mahatma” or a “Spiritual Master” in the likes of the great Ramana Maharishi, or Shirdi Sai Baba, Puttaparthi Sai Baba, Mata Amritanandamayi Devi, etc. and have His/Her “Darshan”, it is in itself is a “Yogam”. This is because, not everybody will get this opportunity to meet a “Sadguru” in this world. Moreover, if one gets an opportunity to talk and interact with any of these Spiritual Masters, it is even a higher stature of “Yogam”. Thus we can clearly infer here that, the term “Yogam” refers to the unique opportunity or thing that one gets in his/her lifetime. This unique opportunity would come in one’s life only if he/she has that “Samskaara” to get it.

Now having understood what is “Yogam”, what is “Kshemam”? If one gets the unique lifetime opportunity, one has to sustain it and make full use of it, isn’t it? Only then, there can be a full benefit of receiving that golden chance! Many a times we end up squandering away the unique golden opportunity that we get in our life, owing to some reason or the other! If this unwanted squandering can be prevented, we can attain the “Yogakshemam”.

Thus the phrase “Yogakshemam” means, getting a golden opportunity which nobody would be able to get in their lifetime, and using this golden opportunity to attain the desired benefit or result. This same thing is applicable to the modern day corporate scenario also. How? If we start a business and if the business becomes highly profitable over a few years, it is important for the businessman to sustain these profits and try to grow it more and more from here. He has to keep scouting for the golden opportunities and once he comes across something, he should be able to grab it with both hands and use it meaningfully to attain more profits. Similarly in modern day corporate companies, we have something called “Human Resources Development and Retention” strategy. Why do we think this is prominent? It is the norm for every organization to recruit the right person for the job, and also who is exceptional and highly skilled, train this person to suit our job requirements and try to retain him over a period of time within the organization. This “retention” of highly skilled employees is what is exactly meant by “Yogakshemam” in corporate! 🙂 If we’re spending time and money to train and equip our employees with the necessary skill-set, we should make sure that we retain them in our organization and make them happy and satisfied in their job. Highly skilled employees are a golden opportunity for an organization (Yogam) and by retaining them (Kshemam), an organization can achieve its desired results, by making use of the expertise of its employees. This is real “Yogakshemam”!

So for today, as corporate managers and leaders, let us ponder over this important point of “Yogakshemam” and let us try to implement whatever it takes, so as to maintain the level of “Yogakshemam” in our respective organizations! We shall wait till the next episode to witness the in-depth analysis and meaning of today’s sloka! Stay tuned! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Bharatidhasan Institute of Management (BIM) Trichy, India A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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