In the previous episode we had witnessed yet another important advice of Vidura to King Dhirdiraashra wherein he makes a strong statement that if our mind is occupied with divine and good thoughts, he/she becomes completely focused on the “Dharma” and nothing else. By saying thus, Vidura again pokes at King Dhirdiraashtra how he and his sons are in the contrary to this! He categorically slams King Dhirdiraashtra by fuming that he and his son Duryodhana are only focused on how to harm Pandavas and whatever way possible, so as to grab power and money from them. Vidura thus sends out a warning by saying that even now it’s not too late. Duryodhana still has a chance to mend his ways and mind. If he does so, it is good for the kingdom of Hastinapura and for the royal family.
Saying thus, Vidura is repeatedly taking potshots at King Dhirdiraashtra, hoping that he would change his attitude and mend his ways accordingly. As we’re witnessing all through the 245 episodes of Vidura Neeti so far, Vidura is trying to employ all the tricks in his dictionary to change the stance of King Dhirdiraashtra, but so far nothing has worked really on the ground! With the slightest of the possible hopes for a positive turnaround, Vidura thus moves on to the next important point. He says,
“Ardhasiddhim paraam icchan dharmameva aaditaschareth!!”
Here Vidura explains a beautiful and an important point – He says if we’ve to become richer with lot of “Selvam” (Wealth – Both Cash & Kind), we’ve to strictly follow the path of “Dharma” at all times. By employing the term “Dharma”, he means to say that we’ve to develop the habit of giving away portions of our wealth in donation to those who are in dire need of it for their very existence. This is what we call as “Dhaanam” in Sanskrit. It is said that the more we give our wealth as a “Dhaanam” to the needy, the more amount of wealth would come to us. It’s like an increasing proportion here and this is why we always keep saying that we should never put all our wealth under “lock & key” without even giving one paise of it to anybody!
As Vidura explains this point, he again pokes at King Dhirdiraashtra categorically! He means to convey the message that both King Dhirdiraashtra and his crooked son Duryodhana are trying to amass more and more wealth with the kingdom, but never are they ready to share it with the Paandavas, although they have a definitive right over it. It should be noted here that King Dhirdiraashtra and Duryodhana are not even ready to part with the wealth that they had “stolen away” from the Paandavas, who has a moral right over it. We should forget “Dhaanam” here for some time in this particular context! What irked Vidura the most is that, Duryodhana is not ready to give even the share of wealth that is legally due to the Paandavas! He wants to keep it all for himself! If such is the case, what do we talk about “Dhaanam” to King Dhirdiraashtra and Duryodhana? This is what made Vidura so irritated!
From the above explanation we should understand and realize that giving out our wealth to the needy is of prime importance in our “Sanaathana Dharma”. It should be noted that according to the “Manu-Dharma Shaastra”, a person should donate one-sixth of his earning to the needy as charity. It is only this characteristic that would add on enormous wealth to him or her in life. For instance if we earn 100 rupees, we should make sure that atleast 16 rupees out of it goes for charitable purposes for the needy. This habit should be mandatorily cultivated by us. The donation might be for various things such as food for the needy, shelter, clothes for poor people, donating towards renovation of important and sacred temples, across our country, etc. By doing so, it not only would give us a sense of satisfaction, but also would pave the way for more and more wealth to come towards us as Bhagawan is happy with our action.
So for today, let us ponder over this fact, and let us do accordingly! We shall wait till the next episode to witness the next important point explained by Vidura! Stay tuned! 🙂