Episode # 214 – Dharma of “Dvaapara Yuga” – Deal with crooked people in the same crooked manner to protect Dharma!!!

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In the previous episode we had commenced the next important discussion of Vidura and this time it is pertaining to the “Dharma” of the “Dvaapara Yuga”. Our readers must remember that the entire Mahaabhaarata took place during the “Dvaapara Yuga” and Vidura is explaining this to King Dhirdiraashtra in this particular context. He explains that in the “Dvaapara Yuga” a person needs to understand the behavior or the other person and thus conduct himself/herself accordingly. In other words, a good and a genuine person should be handled in a honest and a sincere manner, whereas a crooked or an evil person should be handled in a crooked manner only! This means that in the “Dvaapara Yuga” itself, there was no point in exhibiting sincerety and honesty to those people who were crooked by nature! If this was the case in the “Dvaapara Yuga”, we can imagine the state of affairs in the “Kali Yuga”!

In due course of yesterday’s discussion, we also witnessed a few glimpses on how Bhagawan Krishna himself was an epitome of such behavior. We witnessed how Bhagawan was “twisting the tale” during the Kurukshetra war, to turn the tables back on to Duryodhana and Co. He made it clear to the world that it was not the Paandavas who singlehandedly won the war, but it was only Bhagawan Krishna who staged the entire show with his unexpected twists and turns and smart calculated moves at critical times! However if we compare the warfare approach of Bhagwan Krishna in the “Dvaapara Yuga” with that of Bhagawan Rama in the previous “Tretha Yugaa”, the story would be interesting and entirely different! Whatever Bhagawan Krishna did during the Dvaapara Yuga, Bhagawan Rama wouldn’t have even imagined doing even in his wildest dreams! 🙂 Thus if we’ve to compare the two incarnations of Bhagawan at different Yugas, we can see clear-cut differences between the two. If we look at the case of Bhagawan Rama, He would never ever step out of the path of “Dharma” at any day and at any cost! Even today, if someone talks about Bhagawan Rama what do we tend to do? We immediately tend to bow down to his honesty, sincerety, straightforward behavior and all his other important 16 leadership qualities! However if we talk about Bhagawan Krishna, there might be “n” number of debates possible on each and every action that He did! All those who are aethists by nature, catch hold of Bhagawan Krishna for most of their topics of debates against God and never will dare to involve Bhagawan Rama in their topics! This is because of Bhagawan Rama’s impeccable character and his strong stance for “Dharma” at any situation in life! This is why even today if we go to places in North India such as Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, etc. Bhagawan Rama is often referred to as “Mariyaadhaa Purushottham Ram”! This means, the most respected deity ever in this world! However, Bhagawan Krishna would not have this much of respect as Bhagawan Rama enjoys! However we should understand that both forms are of Bhagawan Vishnu’s only and Bhagawan’s incarnations in this world are always aimed at protecting the Dharma. As Bhagawan himself says through the famous verses in the Bhagawad Gita,

“Yadaa yadaa hi dharmasya glaanir bhavati bhaarata!

Abhyuktaanam adharmasya tadaatmaanam srujaamyaham!!

Paritraanaaya saadhunaam vinaashaayacha dushkruthaam!

Dharma samsthaabhanaarthaaya sambhavaami yuge yuge!!” 

Here Bhagawan clearly points out that whenever there is a downfall of “Dharma” in whichever Yuga it is, He would incarnate to resurrect the course of the world in the path of “Dharma”. Thus Bhagawan’s main agenda of incarnating in this world is to re-establish the Dharma, but the way or manner in which he re-establishes the “Dharma” would be different in different incarnations and in different Yugas. We should realize that both Bhagawan Rama and Krishna followed the “Dharma” of their respective Yugas. Rama’s point of view was if there is an “Adharma” happening, he would go by the path of “Dharma” till the end and finally defeat the “Adharma” only with the help of “Dharma”. However Bhagawan Krishna’s philosophy was different. He was of the stance that to eradicate “Adharma”, whatever approach He took towards it was “Dharma”! Thus we can see here that Bhagawan Krishna had more liberty to choose the path of his choice in Dvaapara Yuga! 🙂 However Bhagawan Rama did not have this liberty – He had to follow the principles of Dharma verbatim as it was in the textbook!

If we can compare this philosophical explanation with that of the game of Cricket in the modern day, we can understand it more clearly – There are two major formats of cricket – For readers who know and understand the game well, we have “Test” format and the “One-day” format. The “Test” format is the detailed format of the game, wherein it is played for over five days continuously! However as days progressed, we lost our patience to sit for five days to watch a cricket match. Eventually the One-Day format came into being wherein it is a 50 over match with 6 balls to be bowled per over! If we see the approach of players towards both these formats of Cricket, we can see that for the Test match, a batsman is hailed to be excellent only if he follows all the rules in the book! For instance, a typical “Test” batsman should know how to leave a ball, which balls to block, how to block it, (Front-foot or back-foot), how to negotiate a bouncer, etc. However, this is not the case to judge the quality of the same batsman in the “One day” format. Here the parameter is only how many runs can he score within the allotted 50 overs and how quickly can he score them! Nobody is bothered about the technique of batting here, unlike the “Test” format. Here, runs are of prime importance and a person who can score quick runs at a brisk pace with “boundaries” and “sixers” make the cut into the team. This is why we would see that not all players who are good in playing the “One day” game would be good players of “Test” cricket! We can clearly see here that the “Dharma” of playing test cricket is very different than the “Dharma” of playing the “One day” game!

Thus the message from today’s episode is that different “Yugas” have different approaches towards “Dharma” and Bhagawan himself is an epitome to illustrate this difference. We shall continue this discussion further into tomorrow’s episode also and witness some more important points. Stay tuned! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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