The previous episode saw the conclusion of the long and important discussion on Vidura’s seventeen categories of people who would knock the doors of Hell! We concluded yesterday by witnessing that Vidura is sending out a clear message and a warning to King Dhirdiraashtra and of course to all of us by saying that it might become inevitable to reach Hell if we stick on to our bad habits in this world by getting carried away by the “Maya” or worldly pleasures! However Vidura also sends us a clear advice at this point that all is not too late still! We still have the opportunity to mend our ways, now that we’ve listened carefully to Vidura’s important words. We should be happy that we’ve got this opportunity to correct ourselves at a time when there are millions of people around the world who continue doing the wrong things because they are not even aware of all the “Dharma” that Vidura has explained so clearly and lucidly.
Now moving on further, Vidura is now going to commence the next discussion on the “Dharma” of the “Dvaapara Yuga”. It should be remembered by our readers that the world undergoes transition once every thousands of years and this is called as “Yuga”. There are five such “Yugas” or transitions that the Hindu Sanaathana Dharma talks about – “Satya Yuga”, “Krita Yuga”, “Tretha Yuga”, “Dvaapara Yuga” and “Kali Yuga”. It is believed that in the “Satya Yuga”, Dharma occupied a center-stage and there was no requirement for Bhagwan to incarnate in this earth at all! All people were living as per the principles of the “Sanaathana Dharma” and there was no space for dissent, greed, jealousy, unwanted desires, etc. Then came the “Krita Yuga” wherein the “Dharma” started to change and deteriorate. All the above mentioned bad qualities started to slowly spurt and this prompted Bhagawan to take multiple incarnations to set things right again! Thus the “Matsya”, “Koorma”, “Varaaha”, “Narasimha” and “Vaamana” avatars of Bhagawan took place in this “Krita Yuga” at different time periods to resurrect the “Dharma” in this world. Then came the “Tretha Yuga” wherein again the “Dharma” underwent transition and change and started to deteriorate further. In order to resurrect the falling “Dharma”, Bhagawan made the incarnations of “Parasuraama” and “Bhagawan Shri Rama”! He lived in this world as a normal human being and as an embodiment of all the “Dharma” put together! Then came the “Dvaapara Yuga” wherein “Adharma” started to thrive even more. Here is where the “Dharma” started its serious downfall and Bhagawan made an elaborate incarnation as Bhagawan Krishna to teach and propagate the “Dharma” to the world – both by words (Bhagawad Gita) and by his actions! Now we’re in the “Kali Yuga” wherein we’re witnessing even greater downfall of Dharma at many instances. Of course Bhagwan is yet to incarnate in this world again to resurrect things. But it is to be noted that the “Kali Yuga” has just begun and has a long way to go still. If we’re under the impression that the “Dharma” has already deteriorated, we need to think again! This is because the “Kali Yuga” has a life span of around 4,32,100 years and we’re just 5,120 years into the Kali Yuga. We still have a long long way to go and it would be scary for us to imagine what would be the state of “Dharma” after four hundred thousand years from now!
However having said that, every Yuga has its own “Dharma” and the ways and means to attain Bhagawan’s feet. There are innumerable people who have been successful in doing so in every Yuga, including this “Kali Yuga”. This is where Vidura is going to explain to us as to what is the “Dharma” for the “Dvaapara Yuga” and how it is applicable to reach Bhagawan. Of course we might immediately tend to think that this is an outdated discussion since we’re no more in the “Dvaapara Yuga”. However we should note that whichever might be the “Yuga”, there are certain things that are never subjected to any change. The principles of our “Sanaathana Dharma” are always same for any Yuga, and only the implementation part keeps changing from one Yuga to the other! Hence let us not waste time in this argument and we shall straightaway get into the discussion of the “Dharma” of the “Dvaapara Yuga” as explained by Vidura, and what can we learn from this particular discussion of the Vidura Neeti.
Vidura says thus,
“Yasmin tathaa vartathe yo manushyastasmin tathaa vartithavyam sa dharmaaha!
Maayaachaaraha maayayaa vartithavyaha saadhvaachaaraha saadhunaah prathyupeyaha!!”
With the above sloka, Vidura explains the “Dharma” or the way of living in the “Dvaapara Yuga”. He says that we should behave in a good and a nice way to a “Saadhvik” or a good person, and at the same time, we should behave in an equally bad manner to people who are crooked and evil. If someone is trying to cheat us in someway or the other, there is no point in being honest and sincere to that crooked guy. We should also act smart to counter his crookedness with our equally crooked behavior!
As we see here that Vidura is just explaining all these things through his words, Bhagawan Krishna demonstrated these things during the famous Kurukshetra war that followed! When Duryodhana and Co. planned a crooked plot to trap Abhimanyu (Son of Arjuna) wherein all the important bigheads of the “Kaurava” army joined hands secretly to kill one child, Bhagawan Krishna now decided to play the same game and turn the tables back to the opposition camp. During the fight between Arjuna and Karna was taking place, Bhagawan Krishna purposefully played the trick of trapping Karna’s chariot by “artificially” reducing the ground level! Many of us would know how Bhagawan Krishna played a “smart” game in killing Karna. Similar was the case when Guru Dhronaachaarya was killed! Yuddhishtra was made to “lie” amidst the raging battlefield and with that lie Dhronaachaarya was weakened to nothing! Similarly Bhagawan Krishna demonstrated that in the “Dvaapara Yuga”, one has to demolish the evil by playing “smart games” just like how they do!
This is an extremely important point for us to grasp here. We shall continue this discussion further in the next episode to witness more such details. Stay tuned! 🙂