In the previous episode we had witnessed the all-important and the much-anticipated verdict from Prahlada on the dispute of “supremacy” between his son Virochana and the great Brahmin Scholar Sudhanvaa. Irrespective of his son Virochana being one of the contestants, Prahlada stood by his Dharma and declared that Sudhanvaa was the supreme between the two – The reason being, Sudhanvaa was completely devoid of any form of greed, jealousy, anxiety, aggressiveness, etc. and was an epitome of a learned scholar with a balanced mind and complete calmness. Moreover, Sudhanvaa was a person who expected the truth and stood by the Dharma everytime, which prompted Prahlada to give his verdict in favor of him. With this verdict, Prahlada too proved to the world that although he is a son of a Raakshasa, he is a person who stands by the Dharma, be it anybody or any situation.
As Vidura narrates thus, he pauses for a while and looks at King Dhirdiraashtra. He is now poking King Dhirdiraashtra with his sudden silence, thus reminding the king that he is also falling in line with the arrogant Virochana in the above story, and that he needs to mend his ways to transform himself and fall into the category of Sudhanvaa.
This important story makes up this whole “Adhyaaya” of Vidura Neeti. Now as we move on to the next “Adhyaaya”, King Dhirdiraashtra after hearing the above advice from Vidura, is going to ask a few questions to him and Vidura is going to answer all of his questions both directly and indirectly in the form of beautiful stories. Let us see one by one.
King Dhirdiraashtra’s first doubt to Vidura goes like this. He asks thus: “Oh Vidura! So far you’ve explained to me all the possible Dharma in this world. I’m so grateful to you! And yes, more than just explaining the Dharma to me, you’ve also pinpointed at various levels as to where I had gone wrong in my life as a king. However, why didn’t I know about my wrongdoings much earlier? Isn’t it too late for me to correct things now? If anybody including the Devas (Celestial Beings) had given me some kind of an indication that I’m walking the wrong path, I would have taken the corrective action then and there, and that would have solved many of my current issues! Why didn’t anybody pinpoint my wrongdoings at that time itself? Why is it that everything is left till the last minute for course correction?”
This is a valid question from King Dhirdiraashtra and at times even we might have the same questions in our mind too! We pray to Bhagawan every day without fail. But why is Bhagawan not pinpointing our wrongdoings then and there, so that we could get an opportunity to correct ourself instantly? Why is he waiting till the last minute and giving us a big punishment for our mistakes? Why can’t he send us regular posts or letters indicating our wrongdoings? 🙂 Of course, in today’s world of technology, sending posts through post offices are outdated and everything is exchanged via emails today! Hence, why can’t Bhagawan update himself to the modern day technology and send us an email listing out all our wrongdoings periodically? 🙂 Of course this is on the lighter side, but then, this can be one potential question in all our minds – Why can’t Bhagawan apprise us on our wrongdoings periodically, so that we’re given ample time and opportunities to streamline ourselves?
This is exactly the same question that King Dhirdiraashtra has in his mind too, and thus asks it to Vidura. Now Vidura is going to give a very interesting reply to this important question. Let us witness what Vidura has to say:
“Na devaa dhandam aadhaaya rakshanti pashu paalavath!
Yanthu rakshitum icchanthi buddhyaa samvibhajanthi tham!!”
Vidura now categorically replies to King Dhirdiraashtra thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! You’ve asked a very important and a valid question here. My reply goes like this: Oh King! The business of the Devas’ is not to every-time take the stick in hand and instructs human beings as to what is right and what is wrong. We human beings are blessed with the sixth sense, unlike other animals and plants – The sense of “Discrimination”.
For instance, assuming that the Devas take the stick and keep instructing us every now and then – Will we like it after a point of time? Won’t we feel that we’re being tortured and we’ve got no freedom to live our life as we want? It is only because of this, we’ve got the factor called “Discriminating Capability”. But that does not mean that we can live our lives in whatever way we want! Of course there are rules and regulations in the game of life and we need to adhere to it. This discriminating capability given to us by Bhagawan is to ensure that we ourselves fall in line with the rules and regulations of a righteous life by using it at the right time!”
What a masterstroke explanation is this from Vidura! For today let us start introspecting and thinking about this answer from him. We shall continue this important explanation forward in the upcoming tomorrow’s episode too. Till then, stay tuned! 🙂