We are at an important juncture wherein the previous episode saw the conclusion of the first “Adhyaaya” (Chapter) of the Vidura Neethi and the commencement of the second “Adhyaaya”. Till now Vidura had explained an overview of all the important principles of our Indian Sanaathana Dharma. We’ve taken quite a long time (around 103 episodes) to witness them one by one in detail. Now as we move into the second Adhyaaya, Vidura is going to raise the bar – He’s now going to explain some “tough and bitter pills” to chew. Yes, it might be tough for many of us, because at some point in our lives, we might be committing or falling into the trap of certain activities of Adharma. However, all is not over yet and we still have the time to resurrect and correct ourselves. In fact, we should consider this as an opportunity given by Bhagawan to correct ourselves, rather than cribbing about our past wrongdoings.
In the previous episode I had given a brief overview of what are we going to witness in this second “Adhyaaya” and now let us commence our discussion in detail.
“Jaagratdo dahya maanasya yath kaaryam anupashyasi!
Tath bruhi tvam hi nasthaatha dharmaartha kushalosyasi!!”
Thus here is the first sloka of the second Adhyaaya of Vidura Neethi, wherein King Dhirdiraashtra is trying to express his inability, anguish and frustration once again to Vidura. King Dhirdiraashtra says thus, “Oh Vidura! The person who is a master of all the principles of “Dharma”! Whatever you’ve explained to me so far is correct and I agree completely without any doubt! However, I feel that it is easier to tell by words, but is far tougher to implement whatever you’ve said! I know that I’m the person who is guilty here and it is because of this one blind man, the whole dynasty of mine is facing extinction. Still, I would like to listen to more of the “Dharma” through your words. Please explain me more of whatever you’ve said so far with deeper insights. I’m so frustrated and I feel as if a huge fire is burning me. My body feels the heat of the fire. Apart from my body I feel that my mind and soul are also burning. My mind is wavering so much and is not able to focus on one aspect completely. Hence oh Vidura! I want to listen to more of your valuable advice and will try to control my mind with your divine words!”
Thus, King Dhirdiraashtra is requesting Vidura for more inputs and insights. This is why we always say that if we feel mentally disturbed and upset, it is always good to listen to the advice of elders and highly evolved “Mahaathmas” or “Spiritual Masters”.
There are two types of people here – The first category of people are those who feel mentally disturbed and seek the advice of elders to wholeheartedly mend their ways and to come out of their problem. This is the correct approach that we should adopt. Else, there is a second category of people – Those who feel mentally disturbed, go to elders seeking their advice. However, they would never show an interest to follow that advice and mend their ways to correct themselves. If this is the case, what is the use of listening to the advice? Let us judge ourselves as to which category we would fall into!
For instance, we have a disease and we go to a doctor for treatment. If we meticulously follow the doctor’s advice by taking medicines on time and with 100% involvement and positivity that we would be cured soon, we would definitely get better. Else if we do not follow the doctor’s advice by not taking the medicines on time, but keep proclaiming to the world that “I’m sick and no medicines can cure my illness”, then what is the use of going to the doctor? This is exactly the category in which King Dhirdiraashtra is also falling into. He knows that he is having an issue. He is seeking Vidura’s advice. However, he would be able to come out of his issue only if he follows Vidura’s advice isn’t it? Instead, what is King Dhirdiraashtra doing here? He listens to Vidura, but is not having the inner belief that Vidura’s advice is true and implementable. If this is the case, what is the purpose of listening to Vidura’s advice?
This is exactly what we are undergoing today too! Thus the message from today’s episode is that, whenever we have an issue and when we seek the advice of elders, we should go to them with an “open mind” and listen to them. If we have our own “pre-set” thoughts and go to them and seek their advice “based on our thought process”, things are not going to improve! This is where King Dhirdiraashtra is falling into the trap – He is seeking Vidura’s advice with a “pre-set” mind. He indirectly wants Vidura to talk in favor of what his actions are. But how can that possible? Vidura is not a person who would favor a person and render advice. Vidura will only provide advice that favors Dharma. This is why King Dhirdiraashtra is unable to digest what Vidura is telling him. This is also the reason why King Dhirdiraashtra failed to implement Vidura’s valuable advice, even though he had the opportunity to listen to it directly from the “Incarnation of Dharma” himself! How pathetic!!
In the entire Mahaabhaarata text we can witness two important phases – The Bhagawad Gita – Bhagawan Krishna explains all the Dharma to Arjuna in the battlefield and ultimately advises Arjuna to surrender himself to Bhagawan. However if we have a deeper look into the entire Mahaabhaarata story, we would never come across even a single instance wherein Arjuna has surrendered himself to Bhagawan Krishna’s feet! Similarly here during the Vidura Neethi, King Dhirdiraashtra is also not prepared to implement Vidura’s advice. However, those people who were born in the subsequent generations have tried to implement Bhagawan Krishna and Vidura’s advice and surrendered themselves completely to Bhagawan’s feet. Of course they were successful in attaining “Moksha” or ultimate “Salvation”. This is the beauty of Mahaabhaarata!
Thus from this small anecdote, we should realize that it is not enough if we just listen to the advice from elders. We should meticulously take a step forward to implement the advice and bring them to practice. Hence for today, let us take a pledge that it is not enough if we as readers just read this blog and let it vanish! Each of us should take a conscious step forward to start following the content and implementing them in our day-to-day lives! We shall wait till the next episode to explore into what Vidura is replying to King Dhirdiraashtra’s words! Stay tuned! 🙂