In the previous episode we had witnessed three important points with regards to people being opportunistic. We’re currently witnessing Vidura’s explanation on six different categories of people who are considered to be opportunists in this world and for the convenience of our readers, we shall re-visit the sloka once more as we proceed further:
“Shadethe avamanyathe nithyam poorvopakaarinam!
Aachaaryam sikshithaaha sishyaaha Kritha dhaaraascha maatharam!!
Naareem vikatha kaamasthu krithaasthaascha prayojakam!
Naavam vistheerna kaanthaaraa aathuraascha chikitsakam!!”
In this, we’ve already witnessed the first three categories – “Aachaaryam sikshithaaha sishyaaha” meaning, a student who deserts his teacher after finishing his studies, “Krithadhaaraascha maatharam” meaning, a person who deserts his mother on the behest of his newly married wife, “Naareem vikatha kaamasthu” meaning, a person who fulfils his desire with a woman and deserts her after that are all considered to be highly opportunistic people.
Now moving on further, we shall discuss the remaining three categories of opportunistic people as explained by Vidura.
“Krithaasthaascha prayojakam” – Here Vidura explains the next category wherein a person approaches another person for an obligation or seeking a help. Once the obligation is fulfilled, he deserts the person who has helped him. Such people who desert those who were extremely helpful are highly opportunistic in nature. We can witness this in the modern day as well – For instance, our friends or relatives might come to us seeking an obligation to find a job – Given their critical situation we might have also helped them in finding a good job and making them settle down. However after a few months or years, when they start to settle down in their work and family life, those people would not even care a damn for us! This is exactly what Vidura is explaining here that such people are highly opportunistic in nature. Thus the message from this part is that we should never forget the help rendered by our friends or family members and express our gratitude towards them at every possible time and in every possible way.
“Naavam vistheerna kaanthaara” – Here Vidura explains that a person who tries to cross a huge river like the Ganges in boat, deserts the boat as well as the boatman after crossing the river, without paying for the service, is an opportunistic person. Here we should understand this in the sense that we should honour the service done by others to us in the best possible way and not to desert them just like that. We can see this in the modern day in quite a few contexts – For instance, many of us today use the public transportation system in any city our country that we might be living. We take the bus, train, tram, etc. to commute to our workplace and back home. For using the system, we need to pay money duly and buy the tickets for our travel. Sometimes it is painful to witness that many people try to travel in the public transport system without buying the tickets. Is it fair on our part to do that? We should note three things here – Firstly, we should realise that nothing in this world can be obtained for free. We should pay for for what we enjoy and it’s our bound duty to do that. Secondly, for the travel that we are offered by the system, it is our legitimacy to pay for what we are using. Thirdly, if we fail to pay for the service, how will the governing authority be able to maintain and improve the system? Won’t the system collapse if everybody starts using the system for free? Isn’t it our social responsibility to protect our transport system for the welfare of our fellow brothers and sisters? Hence as per Vidura’s explanation, a person who uses something and deserts it after the usage without paying for the service is considered to be an opportunist.
“Aathuraascha chikitsakam” – Here Vidura explains that a person who goes to a doctor to get treated for a certain disease deserts him after getting cured, is also considered to be an opportunist. Of course all of us in the world would prefer to lead a life wherein we never get a chance to visit a doctor. Even though it might not be possible for many of us, how many of us would voluntarily like to visit a doctor? The answer would be zero! This is what Vidura says here – When we’ve to go to a doctor we reluctantly go to the clinic or the hospital, get cured and never look back at the doctor again. This in a way is also considered to be an opportunistic behaviour as per Vidura.
Thus we’ve discussed all the six categories of people who are opportunistic in nature. From the next episode we’re going to witness slokas wherein Vidura has packed seven aspects into each. Let’s wait till the next episode to commence! Stay tuned! 😊