In the previous episode, we had witnessed the continuation of the discussion on measurements of time. Yesterday we had witnessed few more units of time measurement such as “Ayanam” (Two Ayanams constitute a year – Utthara-Ayanam and Dakshina-Ayanam), calculation of “Nakshatras” (Stars) and Raashi’s. These are extremely interesting calculations, which would exactly coincide at many points with our modern-day western calculations of time.

Continuing with the discussion further, we’ll have to now see how months are calculated in our Sanaathana Dharma literature. Month calculations are done based on the movement of the sun from one Raashi to the other. We’ve seen that there are 12 Raashi’s starting from “Mesha” till “Meena”. All of us know that we have 12 months in a year. The sun stays in one Raashi per month. This means that, the time taken by the sun to traverse from one Raashi to the other is 30 days. The year starts when the sun is in the first Raashi, which is Mesha. This comes somewhere around mid of April if we look at the English calendar. Just like how the English calendar has January as the first month for the year, Sanaathana Dharma considers “Mesha Maasa” in Sanskrit, or “Chitthirai Maasa” in Tamil as the first month of the year. Thus the New Year’s Day as per our Sanaathana Dharma Calendar is only on mid of April.

If we look at the other regional calendars that is followed across many states in India, we would precisely witness the same calculation. For instance, the Malayalam calendar year also starts approximately the same time of mid-April. In Kerala, the Malayalam New Year is celebrated as “Vishu” and is a very popular function. Similarly, the Telugu calendar has “Ugaadi” precisely towards the mid of April. Even in the north of India, Bengali, Hindi, Marati calendars precisely have their respective new year’s starting the same period and is celebrated in different names like “Baishaaki”, etc.

Thus we can witness here that, all the year-calculations are performed based on the movements and whereabouts of the sun. As the sun enters the “Mesha Raashi, the year commences and when the sun exits the “Meena Raashi”, the year comes to an end. This is a fixed routine and all of these movements of the sun has been predicted clearly and well-documented in the “Panchaanga” text, for the next so many years to come!

Of late, there has been some talks about shifting the Tamil New Year’s day from mid-April to mid-January. Such talks are just bulshits, and is not worthwhile to be considered. If the calculations like the one above-mentioned is so clearly mentioned in our scriptures, and given the fact that these calculations are proved to be 100% accurate too, who are these “illiterate middlemen” to propose foolish changes like these, and to confuse the public? If some people talk such nonsense, it simply means that either they’ve not done any homework to check for facts and figures, or they have a clear anti-Hindu agenda on their cards! Hence, people like us, who are in the know-how of these important facts, should resist such nonsensical arguments and shouldn’t give in to them. We should take it upon ourselves to educate other people and create an awareness of these important aspects, so that people do not get carried away with the anti-Hindu agenda. It should be understood that there are enormous amounts of calculations involved in all these. As we’ve spoken thus, there is a scientific evidence as to how each Raashi is divided according to two and a quarter “Nakshatras”, and twelve such Raashi’s make up 27 “Nakshatras”. We’ve also seen how 12 Raashi’s together constitute a year.

Beyond this, there is a calculation with respect to the movement of the moon. We have the “Amavaasya” (No-moon day) and “Pournami” (Full-moon day) calculations too. The moon takes fifteen days to traverse through the earth’s shadow. This means that the time-period between the “Amaavaasya” and “Pournami” is 15 days. Each of the fifteen days have specific names – Popular ones are “Chaturthi” (Day 4), “Panchami” (Day 5), “Sashti” (Day 6), “Saptami” (Day 7), “Ashtami” (Day 8), “Navami” (Day 9), “Dashami” (Day 10), “Ekaadashi” (Day 11), etc. The list continues. Moreover, interestingly tt is also mentioned in the scriptures that the sea will have “high-tides” during these two days, as there would be an increase in the moon’s gravitational effect on the earth! There are quotations in the Valmiki Ramayana text itself (We’ve seen this during our Ramayana project), in the “Sundara Kaanda”, wherein Valmiki Maharishi makes a beautiful description about the moon, while discussing Hanuman’s search for Mother Sita at Lanka. In that, he lists out various characteristics of the moon, wherein he talks about the gravitational effect that the moon creates, which results in the high-tides during these two days.

Hence, it is very interesting to see that all these scientific details are recorded and carefully documented in our Sanaathana Dharma texts. There are no ways and means to prove anything wrong here! All the facts are presented in a full-proof manner with 100% perfection and accuracy that nobody can even raise one question.

Now continuing this discussion further, we now come to the calculation of “Yuga”. For this Kali Yuga to get complete, it takes 4,32,100 years. We’ve witnessed the calculation of a year according to the Sanaathana Dharma literature, and readers might remember and refer to it with our earlier episode. This number – 4,32,100 should be multiplied by 2, (which gives us 8,64,200 years) and this was the span of the previous “Dvaapara Yuga”, wherein Bhagawan Krishna was born towards the end of it. Similarly, this 4,32,100 should be multiplied by 3 (12,96,300 Years) and this was the span of the “Tretha Yuga” wherein Bhagawan Rama incarnated. Similarly, for “Kritha Yuga” we need to multiply 4,32,100 by 4, which is 17,28,400 years! Thus, as a summary, the “Kritha Yuga” consisted of 17,28,400 years, “Tretha Yuga” comprised of 12,96,300 years, “Dvaapara Yuga” spanned over 8,64,200 years and finally the “Kali Yuga” is going to span up to 4,32,100 years. Thus we can see here that the Kali Yuga is the shortest of all Yugas! Thus, all these put together as a summation, constitutes a “Chatur-Yuga” period, which comes to around 43,21,000 years approximately. Thus, we can see here that there is a ratio calculation – The number of years from Tretha to Kali Yuga will be in the ratio 4:3:2:1.

So far thus, all these calculations are with respect to us, human beings who live in this world. There is a totally different calculation of time for the “Devas” (Celestial Beings). What is that calculation? Let’s wait for the next episode to witness! Stay tuned! J