In the previous episode, we had witnessed an important point as an offshoot from Vidura’s description of the important roles and responsibilities of the four “Varnas” of people, namely the Brahmanas, Kshatryas, Vaishyas and the Shudras. Unlike the belief that erupted post the Vedic period, the Vedas doesn’t distinguish between the four Varnas in terms of superiority / inferiority as each category of people had their tasks clearly cut out. The distinction between the four Varnas were purely made on basis of occupation and family, and has nothing to do with status issues, as conceptualized later. This is where, all the anti-Hindu elements capture and make foray into the people who follow Sanaathana Dharma. We should be extremely careful and clear what our Sanaathana Dharma and Vedas explain and should never give in to the “false claims” made by those anti-Hindu elements. In fact, the very purpose of writing this blog meticulously every day is to destroy these kinds of falsehoods by clarifying them with the references that are present in the scriptural texts of our Sanaathana Dharma. Thus, readers should be extremely careful in understanding the nuances that are described in our sacred texts, and not to get carried away by “half-baked” arguments that are put forth by the anti-Hindu elements. Such unsubstantiated claims that these elements make can be demolished even at the grassroot level itself by understanding the facts behind each episode that has taken place in our Sanaathana Dharma.
Having said that, we witnessed how in the modern day, we’re slowly and steadily starting to deviate from our duties and responsibilities of our Varnaashrama Dharma. In fact, as witnessed before, this deviation and dilution had begun as early as the Dwaapara Yuga, wherein we witnessed the episode of Guru Dhronaachaarya as an example. Of course in the present day of the Kali Yuga, we’ve taken the deviation and dilution to an entirely different level altogether! Even though we might argue that these deviations are out of a necessity and not intentional, we should make sure that we follow atleast some of the important roles as per our Varnaashrama Dharma. For instance, as Brahmanas, we should ensure that every day we perform our “Sandhyavandanam” three times a day, perform our “Upaakarma” once in a year and perform the “Tharpanam”, “Shraadham” and other important spiritual practices that are to be done for our departed parents without fail. This is the bare minimum expectation from a Brahmana and this should be taken care of.
Similarly, when it comes to the other three Varnas of people, each of us should maintain a standard set of practices, from which we shouldn’t deviate, wherever and whatever we are in this world. For instance, those who are involved in business activities, should make sure that they follow the golden standards of ethics and compliances meticulously as prescribed. If everybody follows the prescribed compliances correctly, imagine how peaceful the world would be! The problem arises only because of the excessive desire of one person, the selfish nature of one person, and it transcends to many other people down the line, and the problem escalates. Thus, if we’re able to make up our minds not to go down the wrong path, we can set a benchmark for others to follow our right method.
Having said thus, Vidura continues his accord on the similar lines by iterating this point a bit differently here. He says thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Do you realize that Yudishtra, being an epitome of Dharma himself (Also referred to as “Dharma-Puthra”) is also deviating from his Kshatrya Dharma and is sitting in the forest?” Upon hearing this, King Dhirdiraashtra is surprised and counters Vidura’s claim and asks the reason for such a claim. Vidura now describes the point in detail and in course, slams King Dhirdiraashtra and Co. for their indifference. Vidura says thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Please understand my statement in the correct sense here. When I say that Yudishtra is deviating from his Kshatrya Dharma, you should immediately ask me as to who is responsible for it! Anyways, who is behind this? It is only you and your son! You are preventing Yudishtra from exercising his Dharma of ruling the kingdom. By doing so, you are also deviating from your Dharma by not ruling the kingdom in the proper manner in which it has to be done! You’re playing a foul game here, by denting into the ethical part of the Raaja Dharma, which is also in a way a deviation from the Kshatrya Dharma. Please realize this fact and allow Yudishtra to exercise his Dharma properly. He is a Kshatrya like you. Even then, due to your selfishness and personal agenda, you are denying the right of another person to follow his Varnaashtrama Dharma. Please realize this fact and do the needful!”
Saying thus, Vidura re-iterates his stance over the point and ultimately brings out the reason why he stresses on the Varnaashrama Dharma so much. So for today, let us ponder over this important point and let us learn our lessons from it. We shall wait till the next episode to continue with Vidura’s next important point of conclusion. Stay tuned! 😊