In the previous episode we had witnessed an extended discussion of yet another important and an assertive statement let out by Vidura to King Dhirdiraashtra wherein he urges that King Dhirdiraashtra should move on with the path of “Dharma” irrespective of whatever consequences that might happen from Duryodhana’s side. Vidura tries to play the emotional card in almost all of us concluding remarks in such a way that King Dhirdiraashtra gets intimidated by them. However, for whatsoever reasons, that never happened! King Dhirdiraashtra’s excessive affection towards his son Duryodhana blinded him completely and he literally turned deaf ears to whatever Vidura tried to tell him. Although, as we’ve witnessed all through the Vidura Neeti so far, even as Vidura is trying to mix his content with different emotions, wherein at few times he blasts King Dhirdiraashtra, slams him, advises him, playing the emotional card, etc. King Dhirdiraashtra is just like a wall without any reaction! It’s not that King Dhirdiraashtra doesn’t understand whatever Vidura is saying. It is to be noted that King Dhirdiraashtra himself was a learned scholar and an expert in all the aspects of the “Raaja Dharma”. It is only the situation that’s playing spoilsport in King Dhirdiraahstra’s case here. Readers should note that King Dhirdiraashtra is just getting carried away by the excessive affection towards his sons in such a way that he’s getting completely blinded by it. Thus, whatever “Adharma” that his son Duryodhana is committing, goes completely unnoticed by him and this is where the problem starts. For years now, King Dhirdiraashtra has been ignorant of the fact that his son Duryodhana is a crooked person. Neiter he nor his wife Gaandhaari took a step forward to condemn Duryodhana’s atrocious acts. As years progressed thus, the problem became too inflated in such a way that war clouds are looming large between the Kauravas (Duryodhana & Co.) and the Paandavas (Udishtra & Co.).
It is at this time when Vidura advises King Dhirdiraashtra to mend his son’s ways atleast at this last moment, before things go out of hand and into the warfield. In that way, Vidura advises King Dhirdiraashtra that he should try and sideline his son and pursue the path of “Dharma”. He reminds King Dhirdiraashtra and slams him that he, just for the reason that Durydhana being his son, is going behind “opportunism” and thus, bringing bad name to the Hastinapura kingdom and himself! Vidura makes a strong statement here that Duryodhana, being opportunistic is coming to his father only because the Hastinapura kingdom is at stake and he is up for grabs. Had this kingdom not been there, Duryodhana would have cared a damn for his father, given his crooked mindset. This is why Vidura advises King Dhirdiraashtra to try and stay away from Duryodhana, atleast for the larger benefit of the kingdom and “Dharma”.
Now moving on further, Vidura in his concluding message, explains the duties of all the four communities of people as prescribed by the Vedas – The Brahmins, Kshatryas, Vaishyas and Sudras. We shall look into each of them and Vidura’s key points to follow, if we’ve to reach the “Moksha”, accordingly. He starts with the duties of Brahmins, wherein Vidura lists down several key points to this effect. He says that as a Brahmin, one should always make sure that he bathes every day and never removes the “Poonal” (“Saarani” or the Sacred thread) that he wears on his body. This is of prime importance. Secondly, a Brahmin should make sure that he consumes only “Saathvic” food, which is strictly vegetarian and a balanced diet. Thirdly, a Brahmin should not go behind excessively towards money. Fourthly, a Brahmin’s prime focus should be on Bhagawan and should spend his full time in offering prayers and spiritual practices. Mainly, a Brahmin’s duty is to chant the Vedas and spread its significance to the entire world. Fifthly, a Brahmin should always speak the truth and should make sure that the truth would triumph at all times. Sixthly, a Brahmin should be able to respect elders and should be down to earth.
Thus, these are the important aspects that a person being a Brahmin should follow, so as to reach the highest “Moksha” or “Brahma-Lokha”. So for today, as Brahmins, let us ponder over these important points and we shall wait till tomorrow to witness the important duties of a Kshathrya. An interesting accord awaits us tomorrow! Stay tuned! 😊