In the previous episode we had witnessed an important extension on Vidura’s point stressing on the significance of paying heed to the advice of elders and experienced people whenever we tend to take up any task or a mission. Even in our routine day-to-day activities, if we’re seemingly deviating from the path of Dharma knowingly or unknowingly, and if we’re having elders, Spiritual Masters, etc. beside us who advice us on the “Dharma-Maarga”, we should respect them and pay heed to their golden words of advice. Eventually, we had witnessed few examples from the Ramayana wherein, Ravana perished because of his indifference towards all of his people including Vibhishana, Kumbakarna, etc. He failed to pay heed to the words of Hanuman, Angadha and even to the final warning given by Bhagawan Rama himself on the battlefield. Thus, Ravana although being a great king and a scholar, had to meet his end in the worst possible way because he hadn’t paid heed to any of the golden words of advice of returning Mother Sita back to Bhagawan Rama.
This is exactly where King Dhirdiraashtra and Duryodhana are losing out here as well. Inspite of many people including the likes of Guru Dhronachaarya, Pithaamaha Bhishma, Bhagawan Krishna himself, Vidura, Sanjaya, etc. advising King Dhirdiraashtra to solve the property dispute with the Paandavas amicably, all their words went into the dustbin as King Dhirdiraashtra encouraged his son Duryodhana to be more and more aggressive and arrogant towards Yudhishtra and Co. Eventually this is what is going to lead all of the Kaurava clan towards the path of complete destruction. Had they split the Hastinapura kingdom as per the agreement righteously and given it to the Paandavas, as per the advice of all the elderly people and Bhagawan Krishna, both the clan of brothers would have had a peaceful and a bright future ahead! But that was not to be the case! In a way, these episodes of the Mahabharata serve as great lessons to all of us for today’s life to understand the repercussions of excessive greed, jealousy, arrogance and turning deaf ears to the advice of the elderly and experienced people around us.
Now moving on further, Vidura highlights the next important point. This is in continuation with the previous one, wherein he emphasizes that a person who has the mental capability to ignore any kind of property that is coming through to him in the path of any kind of “Adharma”, will be the most successful person in washing away all his sins in his life! Vidura explains thus:
“Mahaanthamithyamadharma muktham yaha santyajathtyanapaakrishta yeva!
Sukham sudukkhaanyava mucchyete jeernaatvajam sarva ivaanu muchya!!”
This is an extremely important point for us too. Through this point, Vidura drives home the important fact of life that if we’re trying to accumulate wealth through the path of “Adharma”, this wealth is never going to stay with us forever and is going to dwindle away very quickly. Moreover, if we’re able to realize that the wealth that we’re obtaining has some component of “Adharma” in it, and if we’re able to tame our mind not to touch it, we’re preventing ourselves from committing a great sin! For instance, when we go to a temple or even a public place we might see someone accidentally dropping his or her wallet on the ground or on the road while walking. Just because that wallet is on the road unattended, and it contains more than 50,000 rupees of cash, should we take possession of it? Now here comes the distinction between the path of Dharma and Adharma. If we’re having the courtesy to immediately call that person and handing over the wallet to him or her, it means that we’re taming our mind not to go near money that might have been obtained in the path of “Adharma”. Rather, if we’re going to silently take that wallet and put it into our pocket and walk away, this is one of the greatest sin that we’re committing, because this wealth that has come to us is not in the path of Dharma. Due to this, we’re bound to face lot of repercussions later on!
This is exactly what Vidura is trying to explain here. He slams King Dhirdiraashtra left, right and center for his illegal “possession” of the undivided Hastinapura kingdom and asserts clearly that such an attempt is only going to increase his sins to a great extent because of denying this kingdom to the person who is rightly endowed upon.
Thus it is a clear message that goes out from this episode and from this section of Vidura’s advice – If we’re going to encourage desire on the wealth of others’ and if we’re going to channelize our focus on the wealth that we’re getting through illegal and “Adharmic” ways, we’re digging our own grave! Hence, let us ponder over this important assertion of Vidura for today and we shall wait till tomorrow’s episode to witness the relevance of this point in the modern day! Stay tuned! 😊