In the previous episode we had witnessed a beautiful illustration on how we should be ready to help others when they are in dire need or in danger. We witnessed how Jatayu was an epitome of this characteristic wherein he rushed forward to protect Mother Sita from the wrath of Ravana. Although Jatayu was old and his strength was minimal, he still undertook the mission of saving Mother Sita. This showed his commitment towards helping others when they’re in dire need. Moreover, Jatayu was holding his breath without giving up, for the sake of Bhagawan Rama. He wanted to convey the important news that Mother Sita is being kidnapped by Ravana to the southern direction. This shows the sheer commitment to the value system of helping people even at the cost of life!
Now moving on further, Vidura explains the next point that if we’re trying to take care of our near and dear ones today, they would be of some help to us at a critical time tomorrow. Vidura says thus:
“Yognyaati anugrunhaati daridram dheenamaathuram!
Sa puthra pashubhirtheim shreyaschaanantyamashnute!!”
Here Vidura explains that we should not see enmity with our near and dear ones in our lives. We should render our help in whatever way possible to them, so that we earn their wishes and happiness. In the second line of the above sloka Vidura explains clearly that if a person needs to lead a happy and a peaceful life along with his wife, children and relatives around, he should ensure that his near and dear ones (“Gnyaati”) are happy! If however we feel that we can ditch all of them and we alone can live happily with our own family, their jealousy itself would bring us down to a miserable position. More than even jealousy, Bhagawan’s instruction to all of us is that, if we have some money or wealth of some kind, we should split it into small parts and share it with our near and dear ones so that they are also happy! Bhagawan never likes only one person to enjoy all the property in a selfish manner.
This is exactly where Duryodhana and King Dhirdiraashtra are going wrong too – Both of them are of the opinion that this Hastinapura kingdom is entirely theirs and it is only at their whims and fancies, everything and everybody would be dictated! Little do they realize that the Paandava brothers also have a share in the kingdom and they too have equal rights to rule! However, the jealousy and vengeance of Duryodhana is pulling him back from understanding this basic thing. This is where Vidura is advising King Dhirdiraashtra that he should take the initiative to split the kingdom and give it to both the Kauravas and Paandavas. As a king, he should not act with partiality and bias, just because his sons are at stake. He should know the “Raaja Dharma” and act accordingly. There’s no point in getting carried away by his wicked son and at the end getting destroyed for all the “Adharma” that is happening! Moreover and most importantly, Bhagawan Krishna is at the pivotal role of a judge in this case. He’s practically witnessing all what is happening here. He clearly knows who is at fault and who is innocent. He clearly knows who is following the path of “Dharma” and who is deviating from it!
Thus the message from this sloka is that, we should ensure the happiness of our near and dear ones in such a way that they would be of help for us at a later stage. Just like an ideal case wherein Duryodhana and Yudishtra would be amicable people, both the Paandavas and Kauravas can complement each other in ruling the kingdom efficiently. It is not that Vidura is trying to snatch away the kingdom from Duryodhana’s hands and give it to the Paandavas. All what he’s trying to say is that both the Paandavas and Kauravas should become united and share the responsibility equally amongst each other to make it a successful kingdom. This is what is being misunderstood by Duryodhana and Co. in the entire Mahabharata and this is what led to his destruction! So it is evident that we should fall into Duryodhana’s ways and we should take this as an opportunity to mend our ways towards the path of “Dharma”. We shall ponder over this point for today and shall wait till the next episode to witness the next one! Stay tuned! 🙂