In the previous episode we had witnessed an important extension of Vidura’s point emphasizing the dangerous aftereffects of “blind faith” over someone whom we love so much in life and “blind hatred” over someone whom we dislike in life. Both are equally dangerous and this is exactly where King Dhirdiraashtra has entangled himself in. His “blind faith” over his crooked son Duryodhana has made matters worse for the Hastinaapura kingdom, wherein Duryodhana’s arrogance and evil tendencies are leading to a huge turmoil of a succession war! However because of his “blind faith” over Duryodhana, King Dhirdiraashtra is never able to realize the imminent danger in front of his eyes. Similarly, his “blind hatred” towards the Paandavas is driving away the “Dharma” from the kingdom, thereby sealing the fate of the Kauravas’ downfall.
This is where we get trapped many a times too – If there’s something wrong going on in front of our eyes, are we able to shun attachments towards that person (who’s committing the mistake) and oppose it? If we’re unable to do it, it simply means that we’re getting entangled into the “Adharma” and we’ve to face the disastrous consequences of it. On the other hand, if we have blind hatred and rivalry towards someone, whatever good deeds that person does, go unnoticed. This is where we witnessed a beautiful example in the present day corporate, wherein companies adopt “codeshare” agreements with each other. Thus, rather than seeing other companies as competitors, why can’t we have a positive outlook and instead work together as collaborators to achieve more success? In other words, rather than looking at only the negative and weak points of each other, why don’t we make an attempt to look at each other’s positives and strengths and work together to provide a world-class experience to customers? This is how we should move forward, given the challenging work environment in today’s world. Hence modern day leaders should spare a thought on this particular point and look at ways of collaborative working, rather than looking at each other as rivals or competitors, wherever possible. Of course I’m not saying that this is possible at all situations and contexts and I understand the difficulties and dynamics involved in it. However, an effort can be made wherever it is feasible to establish collaborations and this is important as we move on in business.
Having said thus, we now move to the next point that Vidura is going to emphasize. Its going to be a very interesting point. Vidura says thus:
“Uktham mayaa jaatamaatreviraajan duryodhanam tyaja puthram tvamekam!
Tasyathyaagaad puthrashatascha vriddhihi syaath aagaath puthrashatasya naashaha!!”
Here Vidura says thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Many years ago when Duryodhana was born, I analysed his horoscope and found out that he is going to be a crooked and an evil person – Given the innumerable amount of curses he had accumulated in his previous births! I warned you when he was a baby that you need to bring him up very carefully! I repeatedly advised you for so many years that you need to frequently keep mending his ways every now and then! I warned you that you need to keep him under constant supervision right under your nose! However over the years, you’ve failed to do so. Now look at the consequence – Just because of this one son by name Duryodhana, all your other ninety nine sons are facing an inevitable fate of destruction! This Duryodhana has successfully poisoned all his ninety nine brothers and pulled them along with him into the path of “Adharma”! I’m feeling so bad at what has happened! All this is because of your carelessness. If you had taken my advice seriously right from day one, Duryodhana would not have been what he is today! Moreover, you could have saved all your other ninety nine sons too. It is not enough if you have a hundred sons! But if all the hundred sons are following “Adharma”, what is the point of having them as your sons? Its rather better that you were childless! This succession war is going to loom larger and larger by the day if you do not mend Duryodhana’s ways now!”
Vidura continues thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! So far you had rejected all my advice pertaining top Duryodhana. However even now it is not too late. Please try and mend Duryodhana’s ways atleast now. I know it is difficult, but please don’t give it up! Please give it a try! If you try with a pure and sincere heart, Bhagwan Krishna would take care of the rest. Please have trust on my words! Duryodhana is not a good person as you think he is! He doesn’t deserve even an iota of this Hastinapura kingdom! Hence please do the needful!”
Saying thus, Vidura advises King Dhirdiraashtra about the practical situation in hand. This is a very interesting phase of the Vidura Neeti wherein Vidura gives a last-ditch attempt to convince King Dhirdiraashtra! Unlike the previous “Adhyaayas” wherein he was narrating few stories, comparing the lives of few other people to drive home the point, here Vidura directly hits the point right on the money, so that it makes an appeal in King Dhirdiraashtra’s mind! We shall pause at this point for today and we shall take this forward in tomorrow’s episode! Stay tuned! 🙂