In the previous episode we had witnessed the subsequent continuation of Vidura Neeti’s 39’th Adhyaaya wherein Vidura emphasizes on the point on how different people derive and spread happiness in this world. It might either be through giving “Dhaanam” (Donation) with a pure and noble heart or by chanting our “Mantra” meticulously with devotion and concentration, or by working towards the benefit of all living beings in this world. In precise, we witnessed the meaning of the famous phrase “Lokah Samastah Stukino Bhavantu” and its practical application too.
Now moving on further, Vidura explains the next point thus.
“Dvesho na saadhur bhavati na medhaavi na pandithaha!
Priye shubaani kaaryaani dveshye paapaani chaivaha!!”
This is an extremely important sloka which all of us should carefully make a note of. Here Vidura drops a huge bombshell for all of mankind wherein he explains a significant psychology principle – If we start hating someone, we would never be able to see any of the good deeds that the person has done! On the contrary, if we love someone from our heart, we would never be able to see even a bad deed that the person does. In other words, we would not be able to appreciate a person however “Saathvic” he/she might be, if we hate him/her. Whereas we would never be able to accept the wickedness of a person if we fall in love with that person from the bottom of our heart! How true is this statement here! This is exactly where King Dhirdiraashtra has been entangled into! Although his son Duryodhana is such an embodiment of “Adharma”, King Dhiridraashtra is unable to see even an iota of bad in him, because his excessive affection “blocks” his eyes like a screen! On the contrary, the Paandavas, although they were embodiments of “Dharma” were looked upon by King Dhirdiraashtra as enemies, just because of his hatred towards them.
This is the reason why King Dhirdiraashtra always favoured all of Duryodhana’s cruel actions. Vidura slams him left, right & centre thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Your “Putra Vaatsalya” (Excessive attachment towards your son) is in such a way that even when your son Duryodhana performed the most heinous and punishable crimes, you had backed him up to a great level! Duryodhana locked up the Paandavas inside the palace made of wax and tried to burn them alive! You backed this action of his! Duryodhana convened the infamous game of gambling along with his crooked uncle Sahuni! Although playing the gambling game is against the “Raaja Dharma”, you backed Duryodhana in this too! Next, when Duryodhana was winning that game, thanks to the crookedness of Sahuni, he insulted Yudhistra and Co. to the worst possible extent by abusing them! You again kept quiet! Next, Duryodhana made Yudishtra stake Draupati and play the game. Eventually both Duryodhana and his brother insulted Draupati by stripping her off amidst the public courtroom! You still backed Duryodhana for this heinous crime! Subsequently Duryodhana wanted to send the Paandavas on an inhumane exile! You approved it! I mean… What do you think of yourself?”
Vidura continues thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! You’ve proved to the world that you and your sons are epitomes of anarchy. All this is because of your excessive attachment and love towards your crooked son to such an extent that whatever nonsense that he does, never seems to you as a blatant deviation from the path of “Dharma”! Whatever crooked actions Duryodhana performs, go unnoticed in your eyes! What kind of a king you are? What kind of a message are you sending across to the people of Hastinapura? Aren’t you ashamed by doing all this? Are you even fit to be a king in the first place after doing all this?”
Saying thus, Vidura loses his cool and slams King Dhiridraashtra left, right and center and thus tries to make him understand his folly! For today, let us pause a bit at this point where Vidura is extremely angry over the actions of Duryodhana and his father Dhirdiraashtra! We shall wait till tomorrow’s episode to continue this important discussion further and witness the application of this point in our daily lives! Stay tuned!