In the previous episode we had witnessed a very important application of Vidura’s statement to King Dhirdiraashtra with respect to focusing only on those actions that would directly benefit the kingdom and its subjects. We witnessed a modern day concept in Management studies in the Operations area, called “Lean Operations”, which is primarily based out of this concept – Cutting down all unwanted activities that do not add any value to the organization and instead focus his/her resources (including manpower) into those activities that would bring about profits for the organization. We had a brief discussion on what are the primary and secondary functions for an organization and how an organization should devote prime focus on its primary operations to excel and be successful. By “outsourcing” all or a majority of the secondary operations, organizations can devote more time and manpower into the activities that directly contribute to enhancing the core competence, thus increasing the revenue and profits.
Now moving further, Vidura propagates the idea of equality towards both the Kauravas and Paandavas and urges King Dhirdiraashtra to broker peace between the two rival camps as early as possible. Vidura says thus,
“Hitvaa taan parameshvaasaan paandavaan amita aujasaha!
Aahitam bharataishwaryam tvayaa duryodhane mahat!!”
Here Vidura makes an earnest appeal to King Dhirdiraashtra that he should urgently take steps to nurture peace and harmony amongst both the Paandava and Kaurava camps. He makes an emotional statement here thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Please think for a moment! What wrong did the Paandavas headed by Yudishtra do to you? Did they disrespect you in any way? Did they abuse you in any way? Did they make even one wrongful claim against your crooked son Duryodhana, although they had gone through so much of harships because of him? All that is required by you as a king is to mend your son’s ways. The Paandavas are very clear in their approach. As a king, it is your duty to ensure that you do good for both Paandavas and the Kauravas. Please do not try to ignore the Paandavas as if they are untouchables. They are a huge asset to the Hastinapura kingdom. They are a bunch of enlightened people with a great vision. Irrespective of how you look at the Paandavas – As your brother’s children, or the deserved people to rule the kingdom after you – Please do not sideline them and give away the portion of the kingdom that is due to them. Please do not try to destroy the enlightened Paandavas for the sake of your crooked sons. This would lead you to a huge disaster!”
“Tham drakshasi paridrashtam tasmaath achiraadiva!
Aishwaryam asacham moodam pari lokatrataadiva!!”
Vidura thus continues with his earnest advice to King Dhirdiraashtra thus, “Oh King! If you keep going the way you’re going currently, just like how King Mahaabali lost all his wealth due to his headweight and arrogance, you would also end up the same way in loosing all your hard-earned wealth and kingdom! If this trend continues, Duryodhana would be destroyed completely by the Paandavas. Even if the Paandavas hesitate to destroy him owing to the respect they have for you, please remember that there’s someone called Bhagawan Krishna! He’s silently watching all these unfortunate events unfolding one after the other! When the time comes, he would certainly take Duryodhana to task! Hence please don’t fall into the radar of Bhagawan Krishna for the wrong things. You’re walking a dangerous path! Please find out ways to make Bhagwan Krishna happy. Please ensure with your actions and prove to Bhagawan Krishna that you’re taking corrective measures. If you’re not going to do it now, it’s never going to happen in future! We’re at the final stage before a full-fledged war is going blow off between the two camps. It’s virtually now or never! Hence please act swiftly to turn things around! Please understand the “Dharma” and split the kingdom equally for the Paandavas and give them their due share. By doing so, you would not only restore peace and harmony to the kingdom, but also would serve as a lesson of “Dharma” for the whole world!”
Saying thus, Vidura completes this “Adhaaya” and with this, we’ve come to the end of the 38’th “Adhyaaya” of Vidura Neeti. We are still left only with two more “Adhyaayas” – The 39’th and the 40’th. These two “Adhyaayas” contain the concluding remarks of Vidura’s messages to King Dhirdiraashtra and we shall wait till the next episode to commence the 39’th Adhaaya. Stay tuned! 🙂