In the previous episode we had witnessed the remaining three important categories of people whom we should avoid in our daily lives. We were amidst an important discussion for the last couple of episodes about six different categories of people to be avoided from any kind of companionship.
To sum up the whole discussion into a nutshell, we should avoid a teacher who is unwilling to impart or share his knowledge or expertise properly to his students, a “Rithvik” who tries to perform “Yagnas” and other spiritual offerings without the knowledge of the Vedas, a king who shuns his responsibility of ruling the kingdom efficiently, a person incharge of cattle who is only interested in sitting at home idle without doing any work, a “hairdresser” who wishes to go to the forest for doing penance, rather than doing his job meticulously and a wife who does not talk in a pleasing manner. Thus Vidura says that companionship with these six categories of people would signal danger to our lives and we should make sure that we avoid them.
Now moving on further, Vidura is going to explain the next “six”. What is he going to talk about today? Let’s witness:
“Shadevathu gunaah pumsaa na haathavyaah kadaachana!
Sathyam dhaanam anaalasyam anasuyaa kshamaa druthihi!!”
Here Vidura talks about the six important aspects that one should always follow in our life every day. They are “Sathyam”, “Dhaanam”, “Anaalasyam”, “Anasuyaa”, “Kshamaa” and “Dhruthihi”. We’ve witnessed explanations of all these six characteristics at innumerable times and contexts in the Vidura Neethi, and yet Vidura emphasizes these characteristics one more time.
We might be wondering the reason for this repeated emphasis by Vidura. Here we need to understand thoroughly and reiterate the fundamental purpose for which the “Vidura Neethi” was born – King Dhirdiraashtra is lacking in all of these six characteristics and this is the reason he is unable to get a sound sleep during the night time. Vidura is trying his best to make King Dhirdiraashtra understand that our “Dharma” revolves primarily around these six characteristics only! He repeats his advice in different ways and in different contexts so as to make King Dhirdiraashtra realize his fault and mend his ways accordingly. However, King Dhirdiraashtra was in no position to follow these principles of Dharma. It was too late for him to mend his ways! He was completely carried away by “Puthra-Vaatsalya” (Excessive affection towards his sons) and thus he was unable to realize the significance of what Vidura is repeatedly emphasizing to him! However, irrespective of King Dhirdiraashtra mending his ways or not, we should not go down his way! We can listen to Vidura’s explanations keenly, introspect within ourselves and try to implement them in our everyday life! This is why we’re looking into each of Vidura’s explanation in elaborate detail. Thus, even though certain explanations are repetitive in nature, we should understand that only if certain important things are repeated more than once, would our brains grasp it! If important aspects like these are just explained once and left alone, we would never be able to understand their significance!
Hence let us look into the six “pillars” of Dharma as Vidura explains:
“Sathyam” – At any point in time and at any situation in our life, we should strive to be truthful to ourselves and to others. As ardent followers of our “Sanaathana Dharma”, wherever we are in this world, we should make a conscious effort to strive and uphold the “Sathya” (Truth). As per the old proverb “Truth alone triumphs” or “Sathyameva Jayathe”, it is the truth that would stand till the end, irrespective of whatever false narratives are being propagated for whatsoever reason. Moreover, we should be steadfast in our ethics – both at home as well as at our workplace. We should make sure that we do not involve ourselves in any kinds of wrongdoings, especially at the workplace wherein the lives of thousands of people might be put at risk because of our mistake! We should set a role-model for others to follow, rather than going behind others’ mistakes.
“Dhaanam” – It is not important as to how much money we earn, rather, it is more important as to how do we spend that money wisely. We should make it a practice in our everyday life that a certain sum of money or our belongings should go for charitable purposes, so that the wealth goes to the needy! In any case, wealth should not be concentrated only with one person or one family. It should be made sure that the wealth is distributed or shared amongst others as well so that the entire society is uplifted. This noble characteristic is referred to as “Dhaanam”. All of us should make it a point to donate or give or distribute our wealth to those poor people who are in dire need for even three proper meals a day! Real happiness in us would prosper only when we see the happiness in others’ face.
“Anaalasyam” – This means, “eradicating laziness”. We’ve of course discussed this at length in the last couple of episodes and so let me keep the explanation short here – At any point in time, if we’re assigned a task – both at home as well as at work, we should make sure that we perform it diligently with our 100% effort. There should be no room for lazing around and procrastinating our work! If such things happen, the perfection in our tasks go for a toss. Hence we need to be extremely careful in what we do and we should have that awareness in us so as to avoid being lazy.
“Anasuyaa” – At any point in time, we should make sure that we are devoid of “Jealousy” over others! This is a common mistake that all of us do – If we see someone on the road driving an expensive car, we would immediately think “Ha! How lucky this fellow is! Wish we could also drive such a car on the road some day!” Little do we realize that he is able to afford such an expensive car because of his hard work and dedication and he is reaping the results for it! If we need to afford such things, we also need to put in our efforts, rather than feeling jealous and cribbing at others. Hence, this should also be carefully introspected by us.
“Kshamaa” – This signifies the important characteristic called “Patience”. We’ve spoken at length about it previously for several episodes. Only if we have the patience, we can succeed in our lives. Lord Rama had to wait patiently for fourteen long years to become the King of Ayodhya. The Paandavas had to go on exile patiently for so many years and bear all the tortures and insults of Duryodhana and Co. It is only at the end of all this, were they successful. Similarly in the modern day, a person can become a CEO of an organization only after years of hard work and patience. Hence, the important lesson to be learnt here is that, without patience, one cannot succeed in life.
“Druthihi” – This means “Being Brave & courageous” to tackle problems and situations. It is very important that one should not buckle down at any kind of problematic situation that might arise during our pursuit towards attaining a goal. There would certainly be obstacles in our path to success and it is upto us to face those obstacles bravely or fearlessly and win over it.
Thus for today let us introspect these six important pillars of “Dharma” and check if we are on the right track. This is an important episode for all of us to check if we are on the right track. Let us consciously spend time today to do this check within ourselves and try to improve from here on! We shall wait till the next episode to witness Vidura’s next explanation. Stay tuned! 🙂