In the previous episode we had witnessed the last important attribute of a “Mooda”, wherein Vidura explains the ill effects of “Anger”. He says that “Anger” that is shown at the wrong time and the wrong place leads to disaster. Eventually we analysed this important attribute by explaining that it is always better to have our anger under check, given any situation in life. We saw a few instances wherein this attribute is extremely applicable to our modern day life and with that we came to an end of the various attributes of a “Mooda” as explained by Vidura.
In today’s episode we are going to commence the next important discussion wherein Vidura is going to explain some “Mathematics” for leading a righteous life. What is that mathematics? What are the numbers involved? Let us commence!
“Ekayaa dve vinishchithya threemschathur bhir vashe kuru!
Panchajithva vidithvaashat saptha hithvaa sukhee bhava!!”
Here Vidura explains an interesting “Mathematical Formula” for life – By employing one attribute, by being able to differentiate between two attributes, by identifying and understanding three different types of people, with the ability to control these people by four different methodologies, by establishing complete control over five different things, by understanding six important characteristics, and by cutting down on seven different wrongdoings, one can lead a peaceful life according to the “Dharma”!
What a sequence is this! Isn’t this looking like a mathematical table? We can see numbers from 1 to 7. If we look at the sloka with just an external meaning, we wouldn’t be able to understand it’s significance. We wouldn’t be able to understand the “mathematical formula”. We need to introspect more into it in a deeper sense. Today’s episode would be a bit lengthy because we would be able to understand the whole point only if we look at this at a stretch.
Let us understand the sloka phrase by phrase – “Ekayaa dve vinishchithya” – Means, with the help of one, we need to understand two. Here, “Ekayaa” means “Brain” or “Buddhi”. We have only one “Buddhi” isn’t it? Hence, with this one “Buddhi” or “Brain”, we need to understand two important things – Which are those things that we need to focus on and which are those things that we need to eliminate. Until now, it’s easier for us to comprehend – We need to utilize our brain and knowledge in a proper way to follow the good attributes and eliminate the bad ones from our lives. This is what we call as “Viveka Buddhi”. This is nothing but our “Discriminating power”. Only human beings have got this unique ability. Thus we should use our discriminating power to differentiate between the good and the evil. Also when we’ve to look into Lord Krishna’s Bhagawath Gita, we should develop the capability to differentiate between “attachment” and “detachment” in our lives. This is what is called “Viveka” in Sanskrit.
Now let us go into the next phrase. We’ve spoken about the first two numbers – 1 & 2. Now number 3 – “Threemschathur bhir vashe kuru!!” It means, we need to look at three kinds of people and win their confidence by adopting four different ways or methodologies. Now who are these three kinds of people? The three are “Friend”, “Enemy” and the “Unknown”. As we all know, a “friend” is a person who is close to us and stands by us at all times. An “enemy” is a person who is against us and tries to bring us down at any time, given an opportunity. An “unknown” is a person who is neither a friend nor an enemy to us. For the moment, let us keep this “unknown” as an outsider, who is not involved in any of our affairs. Now Vidura says that these three categories of people should be captured with the help of four different methodologies. What are those four methodologies? “Saama”, “Dhaana”, “Bhedha” and “Dhanda”. As we might know these four methodologies, let me remind our viewers the brief meaning of the four. “Saama” means the ability to negotiate decently, friendly and peacefully with the other person. “Dhaana” means the ability to win over the other person with the help of wealth (Can be money or kind). “Bheda” means, the ability of a person to win over the other with the help of creating a havoc situation. In other words, we can equate “Bheda” to “blackmailing”. Finally “Dhanda” means the ability to win over another person with violent and punishing means. Thus Vidura explains here that the three categories of people can be captured or won over by adopting four different methodologies.
Thus so far we’ve seen 1, 2, 3 and 4 and let us summarize it for our readers’ understanding: Using our brain (Viveka) we need to differentiate between two things – “attachment” and “detachment”. When this is done, we need to understand three categories of people – friend, enemy and unknown. With the help of this understanding, we need to adopt four methodologies – Saama, Dhaana, Bheda and Dhanda to win the confidence of them.
Now moving on to the next number, 5, Vidura says, “Panchajithva” – What does this five signify here? This five is nothing but our five senses – Eye, ear, nose, tongue and touch. Thus these five important senses of ours are the five things that we need to keep in control every time. Thus Vidura explains that the above-mentioned four methodologies should be employed with complete control of our five senses.
Now moving on to number 6 – “Vidithvaashat” is what Vidura has explained. Now what is this six signify here? “Sandhi”, Vigraham”, “Yaanam”, “Aasanam”, “Dvaidheebhaavam” and “Samaashrayam”. Thus Vidura explains that these are the six attributes that a person should be an expert at. “Sandhi” means “to join”. “Vigraham” means “to separate”. “Yaanam” means “to transfer from one place to the other”. “Aasanam” means “to sit and settle at one place”. “Dvaidheebhaavam” means “the ability to discriminate within our mind” and “Samaasrayam” means “to unite together”. Thus these are six different attributes a person should be an expert with. The significance of these six attributes is that, with these abilities a person can clearly understand different types of people in this world – Who is that person who tries to support him for his welfare, who is that person trying to pull him down, opportunists, politicians, etc.
Thus moving on further, we’re going to see the last number – 7. Vidura says “Saptha hithvaa sukhee bhava!!” What are those seven attributes that we need to delete off from ourselves to lead a happy life? The first one is “Sthree”, which means woman. A person should ensure that he should not insult a woman by any means. In other words, he should know to respect a woman. The next one is “Dyuutham”. This means, “Gambling”. Here is exactly where Duryodhana and his brothers have got caught isn’t it? We should realize that gambling is an evil and has the capability to pull a person down. Here is where Vidura again pokes King Dhirdriraashtra. It is to be remembered that the infamous gambling game in the Mahaabhaarata took place under the nose of King Dhirdriraashtra only. This is where all the problems started to escalate beyond repair. The third one is “Mrigaya”. This means, having excessive interest and addiction towards hunting and killing. The fourth one is “Madhya” which means that a person is obsessive with alcoholic drinks. The fifth one is where a person tries to abuse others with words. The sixth one is where a person is only interested in punishing others even for small mistakes and faults. Finally the seventh one is where a person has an unwanted desire of abducting the wealth of others! Thus Vidura explains that in order to lead a peaceful and a righteous life, we need to make sure that we do not get into any of the seven above-explained attributes.
Thus we’ve seen a very interesting mathematical formula today with numbers starting from 1 to 7. Hence for today let us try and introspect these numbers and formula, which to follow and which to avoid! We shall wait till the next episode to find out more! Stay tuned! 🙂