In the previous episode we had concluded our detailed discussion on who is a “Panditha” and what are the attributes of a “Panditha”. In our concluding remarks yesterday, we discussed a very important attribute of a “Panditha”, which is nothing but “effective communication”. We had discussed it in a bit of a detail in the last episode, thus concluding the long discussion on the topic.
Now moving on, we would continue the next set of discussions wherein Vidura is going to explain the different characteristics and attributes of a “Mooda” or a “Fool”. You might ask me as to why to have this discussion because we now know the attributes of a “Panditha” and we can follow all of them and why do we need to know who is a “Mooda”. The simple answer to this question is that, just as we learnt different attributes that are to be imbibed within us, we now need to know certain attributes that need to be eliminated from us. Only if we know what is to be eliminated, we would be able to keep a vigil on ourselves, as to how not to get inside the trap of imbibing the qualities that are to be eliminated.
So, who is a “Mooda”? Let us see what Vidura has to say on this.
“Aashruthascha ssamunnatthaha dharidrascha mahaamanaaha!
Arthaanscha akarmanaaprepsuhu mooda ithyuchyathe budhaihi!!”
From the first sloka of this discussion, Vidura explains who are “Moodas” or “Fools”.
“Aashruthascha” – A person who doesn’t have even an iota of “listening capacity” or patience to listen to anybody is considered to be a “Mooda”. Irrespective of how much ever a person might be qualified educationally, if a person does not have the patience to listen to the “Dharma” narrated by our elders and ancestors, all his educational qualifications would go down as a junk!
“Bahushruthaanaam vridhaanaam brahmanaanaam upaasithaa!!”
This is an excerpt from Vaalmiki Ramayana, wherein Vaalmiki Maharishi says that if Lord Rama is not seen anywhere within the big Ayodhya palace, he must surely be in any of the great Maharishis’ ashrams, listening to their valuable advice and suggestions. Lord Rama was a great king! Yet we should see here that he was so humble and down to earth that he had the greatest attribute of listening to great people. We had also discussed during our previous Ramayana project that Lord Rama spent his entire fourteen years in the forest going to each and every Maharishi’s ashram, spending time with them, learning the “Dharma” from their teachings and only with that, he ruled Ayodhya as a righteous king!
Thus if we are an “Ashrutha”, definitely we wouldn’t have the patience to listen to anybody! Hence, we need to check ourselves to see if we fall in this category of a “Mooda”.
“Samunnatthaha” – Now this is the next level of a “Mooda” – A person who thinks too much of himself and ignores others’ advice due to his arrogance! The best instance that we can consider to explain this point is Ravana. When he had abducted Sita from Rama’s hamlet at Panchavati, how many people advised him to give back Sita to Rama? Vibhishana, Mandodhari, Hanuman, etc. – The list is countless. But Ravana was relentless and stuck to his stance of having Sita with him. We had seen this in the Vaalmiki Ramayana and because of Ravana’s lack of listening capability coupled with arrogance he led himself to his downfall! We see that in ample cases in today’s world too! How many times do we see politicians exhibit this behavior in public? How many times do we see arrogant behavior exhibited by innumerable people in every walk of life today – Right from autorikshaw drivers on any city roads till any big personality! Hence, we should understand from this discussion that a “Mooda” or a “Fool” is a person who does not care to listen to anybody else and at the same time, exhibit arrogance by thinking too high of oneself!
“Dharidrascha mahaamanaaha” – A person who is over-ambitious, but doesn’t have any capability to achieve anything is a “Mooda” or a “Fool”. For instance, a person would like to build an eighteen-storied five star hotel, but would not have money even to meet his basic expenses! Thus a person having unwanted and unachievable desires is considered to be a “Mooda”.
Arthaanscha akarmanaaprepsuhu” – A person who desires for a fruitful end result for a task, but without putting the required effort to achieve it is a “Mooda”. As Lord Krishna explains in his Bhagawat Gita, we’ve to do our duty meticulously and give our 100% efforts into it. Moreover, Lord Krishna continues to explain that as we do our duty with 100% efforts, we should develop detachment by not focusing on the end-result. However, a person who does exactly the opposite of what Lord Krishna explains, is considered to be a “Mooda”.
So for today let us ponder about these first four important attributes of a “Mooda”. Let us introspect within ourselves as to which of these four qualities are to be eliminated from within us. We shall wait till the next episode to explore more such attributes of a “Mooda”. Stay tuned! 🙂