Episode # 20 – Important attributes of a “Learned” person as narrated by Vidura!!!


In the previous episode we had commenced a very important discussion pertaining to the characteristics of a learned person (Panditha). We have witnessed four important characteristics in the last episode and we shall continue the discussion further in today’s episode.

We shall go through the sloka once again to get better clarity:

“Aathmagnyaanam samaarambhaha tithikshaa dharma nithyathaa!

Vyamarthaanaapa karishyanthi sa vai panditha ucchyathe!!”

 Thus we saw that a “Panditha” is a person who strongly abides by his “Aathma” or “Soul”, by realizing the purpose of birth in this world. Once the purpose is realized, the person strives to channelize efforts so as to attain the purpose of his birth and while doing so, there shouldn’t be any “short-cuts”. The actions should be focused on the “Dharma” or the “Righteous path”, thus to attain the success. Moreover, a “Panditha” would be a person who exactly knows how to handle obstacles that would hinder the path of righteousness. He/she would be having that mental strength to take the obstacles head on and solve them with determination.

In this context, we should note one important point – If our aim is shallow and without any determination, we would stop working towards achieving it if we face obstacles on the way! Whereas, if our aim is of extremely high standard and with extreme determination, it is only then we would really strive for it and bash out any kind of obstacle that comes our way! For instance, if we are asked to perform a task without any compensation for it, we would perform it for a while and after that, lose interest and would leave it half-way! Whereas, if someone promises to pay us ten thousand rupees for the same job, our motivation would increase and we would focus our attention more on it!

Thus, here comes the important discussion on “Motivation” for leaders. When would motivation arise within an individual? Motivation would arise only when we see some value in what we are doing! The value could be anything – Ranging from a wholesome of money, to gifts, to attain a promotion at work or to even becoming a CEO of an organization, etc. Thus, we can correlate a straight relationship hereGreater the value that we attach to our aim or purpose in our lives, the greater would be the motivation so as to achieve that aim, and the greater would be our resilience to take on whatever obstacle that may arise during our journey!

So far we’ve looked upon the above explanation in terms of our day-to-day personal and professional setup. Now if we’ve to extend the same discussion to our spiritual growth, we can say that, greater the value that we attach to our aim or purpose in our lives to attain Bhagawan’s feet or “Moksha” or “Salvation”, the greater would be the motivation to achieve this biggest purpose of our human birth! In turn, our resilience to handle any form of obstacle that would arise during our journey!

Thus with the above explanation, Vidura explains to King Dhirdhiraashtra thus, “Oh King! You have a big misunderstanding about your purpose of being a king! The emotional blackmails of your unrighteous sons are carrying you away. Because of that, you’re unable to aim big in your life! Because of that, your actions are focused in the wrong direction and because of your unrighteous actions, you are unable to sleep properly and you are sleep-deprived! Thus, all put together, you are not following the “Dharma” and you are deviating from it!”

Vidura continues thus, “Oh King Dhirdhiraashtra! You might ask me how would it all be possible for me to do all this? Let me tell you one thing: You know that Duryodhana is going on an unrighteous path. Knowing thus as a father, or as a king, what you should have done? You should have mended his ways right from his childhood. You should have ensured that he follows the Dharma. You should have educated him that half of the kingdom belongs to the Paandavas. You should have struck down the ego clash that is happening between him and Udishtra! Everything was in your hands and by your gross inaction, you had lost the opportunity to mend Duryodhana in the right track! So what if your brother Sahuni or Karna or others talk against you or resort to attack you? These people are the obstacles! Thus, rather than taking on the obstacles head on, you’ve given into the obstacles called “Putra-Vaatsalyam” (Excessive affection and attachment towards your son). Thus, oh Dhirdhiraashtra! You’ve failed to negotiate your obstacles and thus you’re in this situation! Even now it is not too late! Please understand this!”

“Nishevathe prashasthaani ninditaani nasevathe!

Anaasthikaha sraddha dhaana yetath panditha lakshanam!!”

 Thus, Vidura explains to King Dhirdhiraashtra through the above sloka that a “Panditha” is also a righteous person who exactly follows the principles of Dharma without asking any unwanted questions. As explained in the previous paragraph, a “Panditha” is a person who would strongly persist in his pursuit towards Dharma. He is a person who never gives room for ego to take over! Thus he advises King Dhirdhiraashtra to follow the “Lakshanas” (Characteristics) of a “Panditha” and not to follow the “Lakshanas” of a “Mooda(Foolish person). What are those “Lakshanas” of a “Mooda”? Vidura is going to explain further. Let’s stay tuned for the next episode to find out! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at International School of Business & Media, Pune, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

2 thoughts on “Episode # 20 – Important attributes of a “Learned” person as narrated by Vidura!!!

  1. This article is really very good and so interesting… inducing me to read again and again could u please present in pdf format


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