In the previous episode we had discussed a very important point pertaining to “proper sleep” for a person. During the course of the discussion, we had witnessed different stages through which a person transcends into deep sleep during night. It is said that the deepest form of sleep occurs during the “Susupti-Dasha” time period and we regain our freshness only during this period, which should last atleast for around 4-5 hours on a daily basis. Here, we should note that if we sleep lesser, our entire day becomes dull and tired. We become fatigued and frustrated and this might also be one major cause for anger to arise! However, having said thus, we need to look at another rider to this statement – It is not good for our health if we sleep more too! That is, if we end up sleeping for more than 7 hours a day, we energise our “Thaamasa Guna”, which is nothing but laziness. Too much of laziness also has complications both physically and mentally. Hence, the message from this important discussion is that, we should maintain a proper balance of our sleep time – On an average, 7 hours of sleep is recommended for normal human beings like us.
Lord Krishna mentions this in the Bhagawat Gita too.. “Yuktha aahaara vihaarasya..” which means that we should maintain proper balance in three things – Sleep, food and physical activity. This is extremely important for our healthy living.
Now with this basic understanding, let us link this important point to what Vidura is now going to ask King Dhirdhiraashtra. Vidura is going to list out important points, which directly pertain to the reasons of not getting proper sleep and who are those people in this world who would not be able to get proper sleep.
“Abiyuktham balavathaa dhurbalam heena saadhanam!
Hruthasvam kaaminam choramaavishanthih prajaagaraaha!!”
From the above sloka, Vidura points out that there are five categories of people who would be unable to get proper sleep in their life. What are those five categories? Let’s see word by word.
“Abiyuktham balavathaa” – A person who is trying to take on a fight with another person who might be stronger or powerful than him or her, will never be able to get proper sleep, owing to the fear of what would happen at the end of the day!
“Dhurbalam heena saadhanam” – A person who has commenced an important task, but finds himself helpless in the middle, thus worrying what if he couldn’t complete the task properly – Such a person would never be able to get proper sleep due to this worry constantly hitting his mind all the time!
“Hruthasvam” – A person who has unfortunately lost his/her property to a theft, robbery, or whatsoever reason, will be unable to sleep at all! We could see this often happening in the modern day – Different kinds of robberies like chain snatches, housebreaking, etc. Those who had lost their property like jewellery, cash, etc. would be constantly worried as to how do we get those lost things back! Hence over a period of time, they become deprived of proper sleep!
“Kaaminam” – A person who has excessive desire towards someone or something would also not be able to sleep properly! This is a very important point and can also be linked to the modern day easily – If we’ve to talk about “Kaama” (Desire), it is a lengthy topic to ponder upon. However, I’m not saying that we should stop desiring for something in life! Only if we have the positive desire, we would be able to achieve what we’ve got to achieve in our lives! However, we should understand that there is a thin line of difference between “Desire” and “Greed”. If this “Desire” extends a bit too much over something, it transforms itself into “Greed”. It is only now that all problems start happening – We start craving for the things that we desire upon. We start to think of illegal ways of somehow attaining that thing for which we are greedy! If we end up achieving our goal through an illegal way, fears would start arising in our minds as to “What if someone finds out our mistake?” Guilt feelings start arising, which would directly result in the depriving of proper sleep! We can see innumerable instances today wherein people are going through this particular problem – Right from greedy politicians who loot money while in power, and then face criminal proceedings later on, to common people like us wherein we crave for innumerable things in our lives! Hence, “Kaama” should be in a controlled and a channelized manner and this would be helpful for our day-to-day lives.
“Choram” – A person who is a thief, would never get sleep! This is imperative – Normally a thief’s job begins only when all of us are asleep! 🙂 Hence, in that way itself it’s clear that a thief doesn’t get good sleep! Moreover, as I’ve explained in the previous paragraph, a thief would always have a fear in his mind that what if his crime comes to light some day. Hence a thief is also sleep-deprived!
Thus we can see that these above explained five categories of people do not get adequate sleep in their daily lives. For today, let us ponder over this important sloka and reflect the essence of it in our daily lives and analyze! We shall wait till the next episode to continue this discussion further! Stay tuned! 🙂