Episode 207 – Hanuman enters Lanka during the night!!!


In the previous episode we had witnessed that Hanuman has landed in Lanka over the Lamba Mountain. He has a closer look at Lanka city from the top of the mountain. In due course of time, Hanuman starts to strategise his ways and means of entering Lanka and searching the whereabouts of Sita. He thinks of various ways to enter inside but however he gets lot of doubts in his mind. However, he finally concludes that he would not enter Lanka during the daytime, since the possibility of being caught is high! It should be remembered that Hanuman intends to search Sita in the Lanka city, without being noticed by anyone! He plans to execute his mission like a secret spy. Hence he is to be extra careful here. Thus, after lot of deliberations, Hanuman decides finally that he would enter Lanka during the night. The main logic behind this decision is that, it might be difficult for anybody to spot him in amidst the darkness.

Thus, Hanuman waits till darkness sets in. In the meanwhile, he once again takes a closer look of Lanka city from the Lamba Mountain. Valmiki Maharishi beautifully brings it out with the following sloka:

“Samaa saadhyacha lakshmeevaan lankaam raavana paalithaam!

Paanduraabhih prathee lobihi ucchaabhirabhi samvruthaam!!”

Valmiki Maharishi brings out the beauty of LankaThe city ruled by the great Raakshasa king, Ravana. The city is adorned with huge compound walls guarded by security men with dangerous weapons, 24*7. Moreover, the city comprises of tall and beautifully built buildings like towers, apartments, forts, etc. Also, there were places within the city, which were adorned by tall trees and rich forests with streams and lakes in between! Hanuman observes all this from the top of the Lamba Mountain.

“Paalithaam raakshasendrena nirmithaam vishwakarmanaa!

Vapra praakaara jaghanaam vipulaambu varaambaraam!!”

Moreover, Vaalmiki Maharishi mentions here that Vishwakarma, the great builder of those times, built the city of Lanka. The city was full of Raakshasaas (Demons) who were roaming around here and there with weapons in their hands, to ensure that nobody intrudes into the city easily.

As Hanuman is busy observing all this, time flies away! Darkness slowly sets in and it’s almost 10 PM at night. Now Hanuman decides to enter Lanka as planned! However, he has one more problem – I’ve already mentioned in one of our earlier episodes that Raakshasaas are also called “Rajaneecharaas”, which means that these people are more active during the night than during the day! While strategising his plan, Hanuman unfortunately didn’t consider this important factor! The entire city of Lanka comes to life during the nighttime. (Today we of course talk about “Nightlife” in various important cities around the world. It’s interesting to note that Valmiki Maharishi has already spoken about this “Nightlife” in his Ramayana text while describing Lanka!) However, Hanuman decides to proceed further because he doesn’t have sufficient time in hand to wait. Anyway, planning such minute things is beyond one’s control. However, although the Raakshasaas are awake during the night and roaming here and there, darkness is darkness! Visibility would not be as easy as it is during the day! Hence, Hanuman decides to proceed further.

“Imaam tva vishamaam lankaam durgaam raavana paalithaam!

Chathur naamevahi dhathihi vaanaraanam tarasvinaam!!”

Now as Hanuman starts from the Lamba Mountain he plans few more things: “What if someone stops me or catches me? How do I deal with them?” In Sanskrit, it is a common saying that we should deal with people in either of four different ways – “Saama”, “Dhaana”, “Bedha” and “Dhanda”. Hanuman now thinks which of the four methods to use while dealing with Raakshasas. “Saama” (means, dealing with people calmly with peace and friendship) is not a good way to deal with Raakshasas, since they are violent people! “Dhaana(Means, dealing with people by giving away wealth or donating something to them to bring them under control) is also not a good methodology because, giving “Dhaana” to Raakshasas is considered to be a sin! “Bheda” (Means, inflicting some fight between the enemy, so that they fight within themselves and eventually lose) cannot be a good methodology again, since Raakshasas are very united amongst themselves and hence it’s not that easy to encourage them to fight amongst themselves. Hence the only remaining method to deal with the Raakshasas is “Dhanda” (Means, fighting the enemy back and killing them, if they come for a fight). Hence Hanuman decides once and for all, “If somebody comes in front of me and tries to catch me, I’m going to attack them and kill them! Be it anyone!” Thus, it can be interestingly noted that Hanuman executed this “Dhanda” methodology right from the beginning till the end of his stay in Lanka! In subsequent episodes we are going to see where and how did he employ this method.

Thus Hanuman moves closer to Lanka during the night! Did he enter Lanka straightaway or did someone notice his suspicious movement? Let’s wait till the next episode to witness the action! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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