Episode # 535 – Time span calculation for the four “Yugas” – Sage Maarkandeya explains!!!

In the previous episode, we had witnessed Bhagawan Vishnu advising King Satyavrata to brace himself for facing a mass destruction of the world, and explains how this would happen as well. Bhagawan Vishnu says that the seas would swell up and there would be torrential rain. The entire land mass would be surrounded by water on all sides and scores of people and other living beings would succumb to nature’s fury. This is what we call “Pralaya-Kaalam”. However, Bhagawan Vishnu explains how He would save King Satyavrata and a few Maharishis from this disaster. He gives clear instructions and disappears. Thus, according to Bhagawan’s instructions, King Satyavrata gets ready too, even though he is shocked and stunned for a moment! However, since the words have directly come from Bhagawan’s mouth, there is no chance that such a thing could be avoided. It is bound to happen. 

Thus, on the seventh day, the seas start swelling and the earth is witnessing a huge “Pralayam”. Rains start pouring down torrentially and the entire world is getting flooded. The seas are seeing a huge storm surge, flooding the entire coastline. Mass destruction takes place and scores of people and living beings get drowned in the water. At this time when King Satyavrata tries to collect all the Maharishis and the Vedas together, Bhagawan Vishnu appears in the divine form of a fish (Bhagawan Matsya-Moorthi) and there was a boat too.  As per the instruction, King Satyavrata struggles and ties one end of Snake Vaasuki to the fish and the other end to the boat. With this, Bhagawan Matsya-Moorthi protects King Satyavrata and the Maharishis, along with the Vedas and other important scriptures. 

Thus, as all these people are saved, the “Pralayam” comes to an end. Bhagawan Matsya-Moorthi is extremely happy with King Satyavrata and his immense contribution and effort to protect the Maharishis and the Vedas. Hence, Bhagawan teaches the “Maatsya-Puraanam” to King Satyavrata and provides His divine “Anugraha” to him. With this, the “Matsya-Avatara” story comes to an end and Sage Maarkandeya explains all this to Yudishtra to illustrate how significant was King Satyavrata and what was his contribution towards our Sanaathana Dharma. 

Moving on thus, Sage Maarkandeya is now going to explain something about “Yugas”. He explains the time calculations of the four “Yugas” – “Krita Yuga”, “Tretha Yuga”, “Dvapara Yuga” and the “Kali Yuga”. He explains that if we calculate the time frame for the entire cycle as per the “Deva-Lokha” calculation, it would be around 12,000 years. We’ve to remember one simple arithmetic here – The difference between the time calculation between our “Manushya Lokha” and the “Deva Lokha”. We know that there are two phases in a calendar year – “Uttarayana” and the “Dakshinayana”. The “Uttarayana” period spans for around six months of the calendar year, and this is considered to be the daytime of one single day for the Deva Lokha. Similarly, the “Dakshinayana” period spans for the next six months of the calendar year and this is the night time of one single day for the Deva Lokha. Thus, one full calendar year for us in the “Manushya Lokha” is equal to one day in the “Deva Lokha”. Thus, as per this calculation, if around 12,000 Deva Lokha years come to an end, it marks the completion of one full cycle called “Chatur Yuga”, which encloses all the four Yugas mentioned above. 

Even within this cycle, the Krita Yuga is supposed to be the longest one, and the Kali Yuga is supposed to be the shortest one. All the four Yugas’ span is a multiple of 1200. Thus, the “Krita Yuga’s span is around 4800 Deva Lokha years. Similarly, the Tretha Yuga’s span is around 3600 Deva Lokha years. The Dvaapara Yuga’s span is around 2400 years, and finally the Kali Yuga’s span is around 1200 Deva Lokha years! Thus, if we add up all these numbers, we would get 12000. Thus, this is the calculation of the four Yugas’ timespan and we should understand this first. So for today, let us ponder over these points and we shall wait till the next episode to witness what was so interesting that Sage Maarkandeya talks about this to Yudishtra! Stay tuned! 🙂 

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Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Bharatidhasan Institute of Management (BIM) Trichy, India A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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