Episode # 252 – An interesting relationship between Sage Vishwamitra and Parasurama!!!

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In the previous episode, we had witnessed Sage Sukhaachaarya briefing King Parikshit on the all-important “Rama-Avatara” and how Bhagawan Rama destroyed the Raakshasas, Ravana and Kumbhakarna, who were none other than Jaya and Vijaya, the two bodyguards of Bhagawan Vishnu at Vaikunta. Readers must be remembering that these two people had received a curse from Sage Sanaka and Sage Sanathkumara that they would be born in the “Manushya-Lokha” thrice, only for Bhagawan Vishnu to incarnate everytime and liberate them back to Vaikunta. Accordingly, we’ve witnessed the first pair of Hiranyaksha and Hiranya-Kashibu. Hiranyaksha was liberated by Bhagawan Vishnu in the form of Bhagawan Varaaha and Hiranya-Kashibu was liberated by Bhagawan Narasimha. Now during Bhagawan Rama’s incarnation, Ravana and Kumbhakarna was the second pair and they too got liberated by Bhagawan Rama Himself. The third pair of these two people are going to be in the form of Kamsa and Sishupala, and it is going to be Bhagawan Krishna who is about to incarnate, so as to liberate them.

Moving on thus, as Sage Sukhaachaarya quickly briefs King Parikshit with the entire Ramayana story within just one “Sarga”, King Parikshit was not very convinced. He asks Sage Sukhaachaarya as to why is he rushing up with this important event of Bhagawan Rama. Sage Sukhaachaarya thus replies to King Parikshit that the great Valmiki Maharishi has already documented this in an elaborate manner and if details are required, King Parikshit can later refer to the Valmiki Ramayana text!

With this, Sage Sukhaachaarya concludes his long accord on the “Soorya-Vamsha”. We’ve witnessed that this great clan has had thirty-five kings, and Bhagawan Rama was the thirty-fifth king. Now Sage Sukhaachaarya commences the detailed description of the “Chandra-Vamsa”. As he commences this discussion, the first description is about Bhagawan Parasurama. We shall witness few details of Parasurama and why was he a significant person in this scheme of things.

It all started with a king named “Prururava”. This King Prururava had a son by name “Kushaamba”. Kushaamba had a son by name “Gaadhi”. This Gaadhi’s son is none other than the well-known Sage Vishwamitra. It should be remembered that it was this same Sage Vishnwamitra who took Rama and Lakshmana all the way to Mithilapuri during the Ramayana time. I shall narrate the set of events associated with this context in a brief as follows. This is just to make readers understand the background of Sage Vishwamitra’s and Parasurama’s births. There is a peculiar story to it.

Gaadhi got married and obtained a daughter by name Satyavati. It should be remembered that Gaadhi was a “Kshatrya”. However, Gaadhi gave his daughter Satyavati to a Brahmana Rishi, called Richeeka. Both Satyavati and Sage Richeeka were happily married for few years, but they did not have a child. It should also be noted here that this Gaadhi also did not have a male child. Satyavati was the only child that Gaadhi had obtained. As Satyavati was interested in obtaining a child, Gaadhi’s wife (Satyavati’s mother) was also interested at the same time to have a male child. Thus, one day Gaadhi’s wife visits Satyavati’s house and proposes thus, “Oh my daughter! I know that your husband is a great Sage and a “Brahma-Gnyaani” by nature! So please request him for a ‘Payasam’, both for myself and for you. If we drink this “Payasam”, this might help both of us to bear a male child!” Accordingly, Satyavati takes this request to her husband and he accepts it. Thus, he created a cup of “Paayasam” exclusively for Satyavati and another cup exclusively for her mother. We should remember here – Gaadhi’s wife (Satyavati’s mother) was a “Kshatrya” by birth, and hence the “Payasam” was prepared accordingly for her. Satyavati is now part of a Brahmin family and the other cup of “Payasam” was prepared accordingly.

However, as fate would have it, greed took over Satyavati’s mother! She thought within herself thus, “Oh! Whatever it might be, Sage Richeeka would have prepared a better ‘Payasam’ for his wife, and an ‘inferior Payasam’ for me! He might want to have a superior son than mine. This should not happen. It should be me who should obtain the most superior son!” Thinking thus, she consumes the cup of “Payasam” that was kept for Satyavati to consume! This wasn’t known to Satyavati and she consumes the other cup of “Payasam” that was remaining! Both of them thus became pregnant.

As the child started growing in Satyavati’s womb, Sage Richeeka had a doubt. He expresses his doubt to his wife thus, “Oh Satyavati! By looking at your stomach, I feel that something has gone wrong. It looks like the child that you are bearing at the moment, is going to be an epitome of anger and with all qualities of a “Kshatrya”! It should be remembered by readers that Sage Richeeka had dedicated one cup of “Payasam” for Satyavati, with the aim of obtaining a peaceful and a calm Brahmin boy. However, there was a mix-up here. Thus, Satyavati replies to her husband, “Oh Sage! I do not know what has happened! I had just consumed whatever you had given to me!” As Sage Richeeka listens to Satyavati’s reply, he immediately figures out what has gone wrong, with his “Yoga-Drishti” (Divine Foresightedness). He explains to his wife that her mother has messed it up and has consumed the “Payasam” that was dedicated to Satyavati!

Hearing thus from her husband, Satyavati gets stunned and starts crying! She asks Sage Richeeka if this can somehow be reversed! However, Sage Richeeka replies that nothing can be done at the moment, but can “postpone” this to the next child in this family generation. That is, the child that is going to be born to Satyavati now, would somehow be a calm Brahmin boy, but the child that is going to be born to this Brahmin boy would be an epitome of anger! Thus, Satyavati delivers a calm and peaceful Brahmin boy by name “Jamadagni”. This Jamadagni grows up, gets married and he obtains a son by name “Parasurama”, who was indeed an epitome of great anger! This Parasurama had all the in-born qualities of a Kshatrya prince, although being born in a Brahmin family. It is believed that Parasurama was so angry that he killed twenty-one generations of Kshatrya princes with his sword!

Now let us come back to the story of Satyavati’s mother. We’ve now witnessed Satyavati giving birth to Jamadagni and Parasurama was in turn born to Jamadagni. Going to the other side now, Satyavati’s mother delivers a male child with all Brahmin qualities. This child was none other than Sage Vishwamitra! Although “Kshatrya” by birth, Sage Vishwamitra struggled a lot to obtain the highest status of “Brahma-Rishi”. This is because of the innate qualities of a Brahmin within him!

Thus, this is the relationship between Sage Vishnwamitra and Parasurama. So for today, let us understand this event and we shall wait till the next episode to move further with the “Chandra-Vamsa” discussion! Stay tuned! 😊

 

 

 

 

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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