Episode # 189 – Attaining “Moksha” through “Thyaaga” – An important note from the Upanishads!!!

Little Krishna

In the previous episode, we had witnessed an extension of the important discussion on the various aspects of “Dharma”, as narrated by Sage Sukhaachaarya to King Parikshit. In the same line, we had previously discussed in detail about an important principle of “Dharma” called the “Brahmacharya” and its significance. Subsequently we touched upon yet another principle called “Thyaaga”. This means, “sacrifice” and “sacrificing the best of what we have, to the world”. In due course of yesterday’s discussion, we had witnessed quite a few real-time practices that many of us follow, when it comes to understanding what “Thyaaga” really is. When it comes to buying something for us, we go in for the most expensive brand and variety of products, whereas, when it comes to buying and gifting others, we unfortunately do not have that same level of interest. Even if by chance, we go in for an expensive product to gift others, we repeatedly keep telling them thus, “Oh, you know what? I’ve picked this expensive brand of product only for you. Hadn’t been you, I would have gone in for an inferior quality. So please use it carefully!” This is the attitude that we have to shun, if we’ve to become a “Dhaarmika”. Irrespective of whomever we’re giving something, we should always go in for the best of the best quality, rather than differentiating people and quality. This is called real “Thyaaga” and if we’re able to gain this level of maturity, we can be rest assured that we’re on track the “Dharma” way!

In fact, to go one step further, the Upanishads explain that without this “Thyaaga” quality in us, it is virtually impossible for us to attain “Moksha”. Let’s forget “Moksha” for a while – If we’re not able to inculcate this quality of “Thyaaga” or “Sharing” or “Sacrifice”, we cannot achieve anything in our daily life as well. For instance, we see many people who excel in various fields in life, isn’t it? Can they excel in their respective fields without sacrificing something? It is not possible. In life, only if we sacrifice something, we would be able to achieve something else. This is a universal rule. For instance, if we consider people who excel in sports such as running race, (100 meters, 200 meters, etc.) or swimming, or javelin throwing, or even cricket or football, etc. the way in which these sports stars maintain their physical body in an athletic condition is in itself a great lesson to learn for all of us. As part of maintaining their physical condition, they’ve to follow strict discipline, such as restricting their diet as per the prescribed amount, hitting the gym every day, go for jogging and exercise every morning, etc. Given these disciplinary measures, if at all they’ve to go for any marriage or an auspicious ceremony that might happen in their families, can they eat any sort of food just like that? The answer is “No”! The point here is that, they are able to excel in sports only by sacrificing their instincts of consuming whatever food they like. Similarly, a person who wants to become a doctor (a medical practitioner) has to sacrifice all personal luxuries, study hard for seven or eight years at a stretch, excel in all the examinations that he / she takes up and only then can become whatever he / she wants to, isn’t it? We see this in our daily lives as well.

Thus, the point here is that, without this “Thyaaga”, it is very difficult for us to succeed in anything whatever we do in life. If such is the case, how can we attain “Moksha” without any form of sacrifice? If we’re struggling hard and sacrificing many things to excel in something during this life time, shouldn’t we struggle and sacrifice the same way in order to attain “Moksha” as well? This is why the Upanishads explain to us that this quality called “Thyaaga” is extremely important for us to attain “Moksha”. And we should realize here that, when we talk of attaining “Moksha”, we’re sacrificing something for the sake of Bhagawan, and not for us. In our daily life instances, if we’ve to achieve something big, we would sacrifice lot of things for ourselves, isn’t it? But if we’ve to attain “Moksha”, we’ve to make sacrifices for Bhagawan, in such a way that our sacrifices would please Bhagawan’s heart. It is only through that, we attain “Moksha”. Thus, we should realize this important point from today’s discussion.

Moving on further, we go into the next aspect of “Dharma” that Sage Sukhaachaarya is talking about here. He now mentions something called “Swaadhyaaya aarjavam”. This means, we’ve to regularly chant Bhagawan’s divine names. It might be anything, ranging from few verses from the Vedas, few slokas from Bhagawad Gita, few from Bhaagawatha Puraana, Vishnu Sahasranaama, or whatever. But we should make it a habit that every day we would chant Bhagawan’s divine names atleast for few minutes. What is the significance of this aspect of “Dharma”? Let us wait till the next episode to find out! Stay tuned! 😊


Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Bharatidhasan Institute of Management (BIM) Trichy, India A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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