Episode # 66 – “Astronomy” & “Astrology” – How similar or different are both from each other?

Little Krishna

In the previous episode, we had witnessed a very important discussion on the “Angas” or different parts that the Vedas comprise. We had witnessed six different “Angas” that constitute the Vedas, and in due course we’ve witnessed that Ayurveda, the world-renowned traditional medical science of India is also one of the very important “Upa-Angas” of the Vedas. Apart from this, we witnessed about “Dhanur-Vedam”, “Artha-Shaastra” and “Gaandharva Vedam”, which are also the other “Upa-Angas” of the Vedas. Apart from these segments, we also have “Nyaaya Shaastra”, “Mimaamsa Shaastra”, Ithihhaasas and Puraanas, which together comprise the Sanaathana Dharma literature. Now moving on from this further, the Vedas also has the science of “Astrology” that is embedded within it. Today we’re referring to the “Panchaanga” text for knowing the exact days when “Amaavaasya”,  “Pournami” fall, and also for other important events that keep happening throughout the year, like solar and lunar eclipse, important changes in various planetary positions, etc. All these aspects fall under the topic called “Astrology” or “Jyotisha Shaastra” that again is another sub-part of the Vedas. For instance, we talk about the rotation and revolution of various planets around the Sun – Each planet takes its own time to revolve around the sun and rotate within its own axis. Earth, for example, takes 365 days or one year to revolve around the sun. However, there are other planets that take more than one year to revolve around the sun. For instance, if we consider Saturn, it takes around 30 years to complete one revolution and is considered to be one of the slowest planets in terms of revolution.

As the modern-day astronomy talks about such things, we can witness the exact detail in our “Astrological science” or “Jyotisha Shaastra”. Here, Saturn is referred to as “Sani Bhagawan” and according to Astrology, many of us might know that this “Sani Bhagawan” is the slowest of all planets – It takes around 2.5 years to cross over from one “Raashi” to the other. This is why we have a common saying that, everyone goes through the “7.5-year-Sani-period”. Why do we say this? It is because, Sani Bhagawan takes the first 2.5 years to formally enter into our “Raashi”, 2.5 years for staying in our “Raashi” and the final 2.5 years to formally leave our “Raashi” to the next one. If we add up all of these, we would get 7.5 years. It is widely believed that these 7.5 years of one’s life will be the testing time for a human being, wherein a vast majority of suffering is undergone during this time period. No other planet as per the Jyotisha Shaastra is as slow in terms of movement from one Raashi to the other like Sani Bhagawan. The fastest being the moon, it takes 2.5 days to transit from one Raashi to the other. Sun takes one month to transit from one Raashi to the other. These two are the fastest ones, and Sani Bhagawan is the slowest one, taking 2.5 years to transit from one Raashi to the other.

Thus, if we calculate the total revolution period of Sani Bhagawan, we can easily say that it takes 12*2.5 = 30 years to complete one full revolution. It is to be remembered by readers that we have 12 Raashis (we’ve already discussed this before), and one revolution happens when a planet transits through all the 12 Raashis once. Thus if we calculate in this way, the time taken for one complete revolution of Sani Bhagawan as per our Astrology science is 30 years. This is exactly what modern-day Astronomy says too – The Saturn takes 30 years to complete one revolution! See how the two schools of sciences coincide in terms of the concept!

This is why we also say in regular life that there is nobody who has been continuously happy and without any problems for 30 years at a stretch, and there is nobody who has faced only problems continuously for 30 years! This is to make us realize that life has its own ups and downs frequently. We cannot be happy all the time, or we cannot be sad all the time! Happiness and sadness keep coming and going, just like clouds come and go occasionally, thereby giving us rain! It is hence, up to us to accept this important principle of life and should move on accordingly. Just because we’re feeling sad today, doesn’t mean that this is going to be the end of the world for us! We would always have an opportunity to recoup from our sorrow and move into the happy zone again in life. We’ve to always maintain that positive attitude in life as we move on.

In this present day, we witness many people talk of committing suicides. Why do people commit suicide? We’ve of course discussed this before, but given the contextual significance, it is good to revisit this topic once again. People decide to take this extreme step of committing suicide because they are totally immersed into the sadness and frustration that they’re undergoing in their life. This is where the problem comes – If we’re unable to differentiate between just that one problem that we face, from the other happy moments that we’ve faced or those that we’re going to experience in future, we would automatically motivate ourselves and move on with our lives. It should be remembered always that committing a suicide is the greatest sin that we would be doing for ourselves in this lifetime. Bhagawan has given this wonderful opportunity to take birth as a human being, and we do not have any right to destroy this human body that He has given us! We’ve to utilize this opportunity to get closer to Bhagawan and the Guru (Spiritual Master) and try to attain “Moksha”. Whatever hurdles and problems that we face in the middle should be taken in the sense that we are burning our “Praarabdha Karma” as we suffer. This is only going to liberate us much easier than we actually thought of!

So for today, let us realize these important points and let us continue this interesting and important discussion forward in the upcoming episode! Stay tuned! 🙂





Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Bharatidhasan Institute of Management (BIM) Trichy, India A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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