In the previous episode, we had commenced a very important discussion on “Time” and how time transcends through various “Yugas” continuously. We’ve also witnessed how time is a “cause” for constant changes that keep happening in this world. We’ve also seen how we as human beings keep worrying about the passage of time in our regular lives. There are many factors for which we worry about – Old age, various deadlines associated with the various activities that we keep performing day after day, etc. and this mounts to our stress factor too! Of course, I’m not going into the “stress” factor for now, and our primary discussion is going to revolve around the factor called “time” at the moment. We shall take up this “stress” component at a different stage, when the right context comes.
Continuing further with this interesting discussion, we shall see what all can conspire with the passage of time. Say for instance, even within a span of 15-20 minutes when we sit at a point and perform some activity, our physical body undergoes strain and with that, our skin and muscles start to shrink. This shrinking of skin happens as a gradual process with the passage of time. We have a feeling that our skin would shrink only after the age of 65 or 70, but shrinking of our skin is a continuous process that keeps happening minute after minute! For some people, shrinking can be visible even at a younger age and for some people, the shrinking can be visible at a later stage. Thus, we can see here that the process of “shrinking” of our skin keeps happening every minute, but we’re unable to witness a quick transformation of our skin because it is a slow process. Similarly, if we buy a new book from a book store, the paper in the book is very fresh and white in color. However, as we keep the book in our book shelf untouched for many months or many years, what happens? Doesn’t the book change its color? This is again with the passage of time, isn’t it? Similarly, when we consider chemical reactions in a laboratory, we measure reactions with respect to time – Some reactions, say for instance, when we mix salt (Sodium Chloride) with water, the reaction is almost immediate – The salt dissolves in water very quickly! Whereas, if we take few other chemicals and mix them with water, it takes varying time periods to dissolve completely. This is again happening with the passage of time.
Thus from all these examples we can witness that time is one that keeps constantly changing, and it keeps changing whatever living or non-living being that exists in this world. This is all about time and its significance! Now how can we split this time? Sage Sukhaachaarya gives us a beautiful accord on this.
“Nimeshasthilavognyeya aamnaataste trayakshanaha!
Kshanaam panca vidhuh kaashtaam laghuthaa dasha pancha cha!!
Laghu ni vai samaamnaathaa dasha pancha cha naadi kaa!
Te dve muhurthah praharaha kshadyaamaha saptha vaanrunaam!!”
These are couple of slokas that talk about the minutest possible divisions that can be measured with respect to time. In today’s measurement scales, which is the minimum measurement of time? We call it as “second”. We know that 60 seconds make up to one minute and 60 such minutes make up an hour. 24 such hours combine to form a day. 15 days combined together is called a “Paksha”. The combination of 2 “Pakshas” constitute a month. Two months put together is called “Ruthu” (Season). Six “Ruthus” combine together to form one year. This is how we have a mathematical calculation for time in today’s world.
Of course, in today’s scenario we’ve developed even smaller measurements of time beyond seconds. Nowadays we keep watching Olympic games that happen once every four years, wherein there are different types of races – Running race, swimming race, etc. How are the winners decided in these kinds of races? If we’ve to measure the closer statistics, we’ve to divide this parameter called “Second” into some smaller parameters, isn’t it? For instance, we have “milli-seconds”, “micro-seconds” and in some cases, even “nano-seconds” too. Winners of the race defeat their closest opponent in terms of “micro-seconds”, isn’t it? We keep witnessing it often. Thus, we can see here that even a “second” can be split into so many smaller components. All this wasn’t discovered just today! We can witness these minute divisions in our Sanaathana Dharma texts too, like how we’re witnessing it currently in the Shrimad Bhaagawatha Puraana text.
We shall wait till the next episode to look into the explanation of “division of time” as per Shrimad Bhaagawatha Puraana. Stay tuned! 😊