In the previous episode we had witnessed Vidura’s important explanation on who are those two categories of people whom it’s very difficult to bank and trust upon. Vidura says that those people who are brainless and stupid can never be trusted, simply because it is very difficult to decipher what they’re trying to do. In other words, such people are so unpredictable in terms of their actions and reactions to certain situations. Secondly Vidura explains that it is very difficult to trust people who try to “twist” their words and actions in their selfish favor according to the situation. Such people are even more dangerous to trust because we would never know which side they would take at what time! They can suddenly make a “U-turn” in their words and actions and because of that, we would be made to look like fools and jokers! Ultimately Vidura says that we would become embarrassed if we go behind such people in life.
This is exactly where King Dhirdiraashtra’s problem is. Vidura thus slams King Dhirdiraashtra and says thus, “Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! The irony with you is that, both these two categories of people make up your close level of contacts in the palace! One is your son Duryodhana, who is completely brainless and crooked and is a wonderful combination of both! The other one is Sahuni (Duryodhana’s uncle & King Dhirdiraashtra’s brother-in-law) who is famous for taking big “U-turns” in whatever he does, to satisfy his personal agenda! Thus both crooked people are at the behest of you and what kind of an administration can you give to the people of Hastinapura with these two people around you? If you’ve to prosper and move forward from this deadlock situation in some way, you should isolate these two from your close vicinity somehow! Although Duryodhana might be your son, it is always better to keep him at a certain distance, because he simply lacks maturity to deal with complex situations. Moreover, his lack of maturity is coupled with arrogance, power-mongering attitude, etc. which put together is a deadly combination! Hence King Dhirdiraashtra, the earlier you realize this, the better it is for you! Please wake up from this slumber and understand the seriousness! It is now or never! If you’re not going to show these people their places, it is going to be too late for the future! Your entire “Kaurava” clan is starring at being extinct because of the wrath of your son Duryodhana. Please realize this fact and act immediately!”
Saying thus, Vidura slams and advises King Dhirdiraashtra simultaneously. With this, Vidura concludes this point of discussion thus:
“Vibharjaheetha medhaavi tasmin maitree pranashyati!”
Vidura thus says that with these two dangerous categories people around, an intelligent person would always keep a safe distance from them. Saying thus, he now moves to the next important point – Here he’s going to talk about the five senses of a human being and how uncontrollable they can be! Vidura says thus:
“Indriyaanaam anussargaha mrithunaapi vishishyate!”
Here Vidura extorts the fact that as a human being it is very difficult to establish complete control over our five senses – Eyes, ears, nose, taste and touch. It seems that Bhagawan has given us these five senses only to keep troubling and torturing us in this world! It’s a huge test for all of us as to whether we are getting carried away by the “Maya” (Illusion) of this world, through these five senses or whether are we defeating these five senses and still thinking of attaining Bhagawan’s feet.
Even Garuda was not an exception for it. If we look at the story behind it, Garuda (Bhagawan Vishnu’s vehicle – The Eagle) was extremely hungry once upon a time and was chasing a snake called “Sumuka”. Fearing Garuda’s aggressive chase, this “Sumuka” goes straight to Bhagawan Vishnu and seeks refuge on his feet. Accordingly Bhagawan Vishnu grants refuge to “Sumuka” with the assurance that he would not give into Garuda’s aggression. When Garuda comes chasing, he finds that Sumuka has played a smart game by going to Bhagawan himself! 🙂 So Garuda goes to Bhagawan Vishnu and asks him to release Sumukha from his custody, since he was in extreme hunger. But Bhagawan being an epitome of protecting those who have surrendered to him (“Sharanaagata Vatsalaha”) refuses to release Sumuka for the only reason that he had surrendered to him unconditionally.
Hearing this, Garuda becomes angry with hunger and asks Bhagawan a question thus, “Oh Bhagawan! So far till today I’ve been carrying you and Mother Lakshmi on my back wherever you wanted to go. Is this the way you treat a person who has aided all your travel across the three worlds? Please give me the food that I deserve!” Hearing this from Garuda, Bhagawan doesn’t know whether to laugh or cry! He asks Garuda back, “Oh Garuda! Only today I realized that you can talk anything and everything if you get hungry! You’re saying that you were lifting me every time when I wanted to travel! Really? Now let me pose a challenge to you! Here’s my finger from my hand – Try to lift it if you can, with all your strength!”
When Garuda tries lifting it, he couldn’t even move Bhagawan’s finger an inch and thus realizes his folly! Immediately he falls on Bhagawan’s feet and says thus, “Oh Bhagawan! Please forgive me for my ignorance! Even with so many years of being with you, I’m still unable to control my hunger (one of the five senses) and I uttered words that I shouldn’t have! I take back my words and I request your forgiveness!”
From this episode we can clearly understand that even Garuda was not an exception in controlling our senses. If even Garuda couldn’t do it, how can we? We are after all normal human beings born in this world as a result of our “Karma”. Hence Vidura drives home the point here that it is extremely difficult for us to control our five senses.
But having said that, is this the solution? Does it mean that just because we’re unable to control our senses, can this be taken as a license to do whatever wrongful activities in this world? Let’s ponder over this and wait for Vidura’s answer till the next episode! Stay tuned! 🙂