In the previous episode we had witnessed an extended discussion on why should a king be extremely careful while choosing his ministers. A king should never compromise the meritorious qualities of a person while appointing him as his close and trusted aid. It is only then that the advice on various matters pertaining to the administration of the kingdom would be of the highest quality. If a king resorts to “Nepotism” while inducting ministers, it can have a cascading effect on the quality of decisions made, which in turn would affect the “Raaja Dharma” in the kingdom. We had witnessed the practical application of this “Nepotism” in the modern day scenario as well. We witnessed how this factor is a widespread problem in many organizations, including that of political parties in India and how it plagues effective decision making and effective administration. Thus the message for the present day leaders from this discussion is that, “Nepotism” is one poisonous weed that would hamper the growth of an organization and leaders should exercise due jurisdiction to eradicate the weed with utmost sincerity. It should always be remembered that a person having the right qualifications and who deserves a top position in the organization, should never be denied an opportunity to serve.
Having emphasized on this point, Vidura now moves on to the next important point thus. Here he is going to explain three categories of people who would be hailed and respected very highly by Mother Earth herself! This directly means that the whole world would respect such people of high caliber! Who are those people? Vidura explains thus:
“Amohah krodha harshascha svayam krithyaannyavekshanaha!
Aatman pratyaya koshasya vasudaiva vasundharaa!!”
Here Vidura lists down three important categories of people who are highly respected and revered by the world and Mother Earth (“Bhoomi Maata”) Herself!
The first category of people – ““Amohah krodha harshascha” – Those people who do neither get immensely angry nor immensely joyous for any situation in life would be hailed by the world! The message is very clear here – Here again VIdura lays stress upon the importance of having a balanced frame of mind at all times. Whatever might be the situation, we should not get carried away completely into it. We should learn to distance ourselves a bit, observe and analyze the situation for effective handling and decision making. If we get emotionally carried away, we tend to get enormously happy (if there is something good arising from it) or enormously sad, angry or frustrated (if there is something bad arising from the situation). We should be careful not to go to either of the extremes of behavior. Only if we have this balanced frame of mind, we would be able to understand and come out of the situation easily, especially if the going gets tough.
Secondly Vidura explains, “Svayam krithyaannyavekshanaha!” – Here Vidura explains that a person who tries to be independent and executes all of his/her tasks on their own without depending on others, is also hailed by the world! This is also very important in today’s world – As much as possible, we should try to do our duties and tasks without anybody’s dependence. Of course I’m not saying that we shouldn’t approach anyone for queries or help. We should differentiate these two very carefully. “Depending” upon others for completing a task is different from “Obtaining help” from others for completing the task. If we’re going to depend upon someone for getting our job done, it means that we’re getting lazy and are trying to “pass the buck” on to the shoulders of others! Whereas, if we’re “obtaining help” from others, it means that we’re just consulting with others for ideas and suggestions on how to do the job better. However in this situation we should remember that we are still performing the task by ourself. This is exactly what Vidura explains here – Rather than depending upon others completely for executing our tasks, it is always better to take on the responsibility for our tasks, however, consultations with others for quality improvement is perfectly fine!
Finally Vidura explains the third point – “Aatman pratyaya koshasya” – Here Vidura drops a bombshell! He says that those people who keep a neat record of income and expenses and those who exactly know the sources from which money comes and the destinations to which money goes, are hailed highly by the world! From this important point, Vidura tries to emphasize to King Dhirdiraashtra the fact that he should keep a tight watch on the monetary aspects of the kingdom. This is part of an important “Raaja Dharma” wherein the king should directly keep a clear account of money that is present in the treasury of the kingdom. It is only then, can the king know where and how much to spend on the welfare activities of his kingdom.
So for today, let us ponder upon these three important aspects, which Vidura is trying to emphasize. There is an important extension to this discussion coming up in the next episode. Stay tuned till tomorrow for more! 😊