Episode # 196 – SEVENTEEN categories of people who go to “Naraka” (Hell) – Vidura’s important explanation!!!

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In the previous episode we had witnessed the introduction of the fifth “Adhyaaya” of the Vidura Neeti wherein we saw how Vidura commences this important “Adhyaaya” with a vent of anger and frustration towards King Dhirdiraashtra! Perhaps by the end of four “Adhyaayas”, Vidura has become tired of advising King Dhirdiraashtra, who is not willing to mend his ways at any cost! Hence he commences with a rash statement by highlighting the point that Duryodhana is trying to play with fire by playing his evil and wicked tricks on Bhagawan Krishna Himself and for this heinous act, he is going to reap the punishment at the apt time! In this course he commences his explanation on the seventeen different categories of people for whom “Naraka” (Hell) is assured! By explaining this, Vidura indirectly pokes and warns King Dhirdiraashtra that he is also falling under (not one, but) many of these seventeen categories!

Thus in today’s episode we shall commence the discussion on these seventeen categories of people who directly go to hell! Vidura explains thus:

“Sapta dashe maan raajendra manusvaayambhuvaha abraveeth!

Vaichitra veerya purusha anaakaasham mushti bhignataha!!”

Here interestingly we should note that Vidura is invoking the words of “Manu”, who is famous for his “Dharma-Shaastra” – Often we call it as “Manu-Dharma-Shaastra”. Vidura is explaining to King Dhirdiraashtra that the “Manu Dharma Shaastra” denotes the seventeen categories of people who go directly to Hell and nowhere else!

By that, he commences the discussion on the first category of people going to Hell. Vidura explains, Anaakaasham mushti bhignataha!”This means that if a person tries to pump his folded fist towards the sky, he/she would go to Hell! This might be surprising to all of us as to what’s there in pumping our fists in the air and how is this going to take us to the “Naraka”! We should realize and understand that this is just an outward meaning for a deeper significant message here – Vidura means to say that those people who do some work or action that is neither beneficial to him/her nor to the society at large, this person would go to hell! Now we’ve to combine this deeper message and the outwardly appearing message of the phrase. This is where we need to be very careful while interpreting the scriptures – There might be some phrases or sentences that if we read outwardly, it would seem to be funny or insignificant, but if we analyze that phrase in a deeper meaning, we would realize that it conveys an extremely important message to all of us. Here this phrase is an analogy to explain the fact that those people who fail to realize their purpose of birth in this world and ends up performing unwanted and undesirable actions, would certainly reach the “Naraka” world! Just like how there is no purpose in raising our fist in the air and pumping hard, we also keep doing certain actions in our day to day life that do not fulfill any purpose of our very existence in this world!

Here we should understand the fact of life that not everybody can do everything in this world! Not everybody can accomplish everything in this world too! For instance, if I’m a musician and if I’m able to sing and capture the hearts of many people, not everybody in this world can sing and accomplish this! Only a few people might have this unique gift of Bhagawan in their lives. However, it is not that Bhagawan hasn’t given other people anything! Some people might be excellent in dancing, painting and many other forms of art! If we’re able to identify our potential wherein we can excel in one particular domain, we should focus our full attention and effort in mastering that domain and giving our best shot in it, rather than attempting something just because another person is doing the same thing! This is why it is always said in Psychology studies that no human being is the same! Each human being is bestowed with some or the other inert talent and people become extremely successful only if they unearth this hidden potential in them.

Hence the message from today’s episode is that, there is no use of doing unwanted actions and such people who involve themselves in this are surely going to face the “Naraka!” Rather, if we try to identify and focus on our strengths, build upon them and gain expertise in it, this might benefit us as well as the society at large! Ultimately we should always remember that whatever we do should not only benefit us – It should be of benefit to others as well and this is very important! Hence, let us not compare each other in terms of good/bad qualities. Instead, let us focus on our individual capabilities and talents that Bhagawan has gifted us with and try to excel in them for the benefit of the society. We shall wait till the next episode to witness the next category of people who go to hell! Stay tuned! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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