Episode # 191 – Why is “Unity” an important virtue of a good leader? Vidura’s important message!!!

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In the previous episode we had witnessed yet another important discussion wherein Vidura clearly explained four different ways for a person to grow spiritually, rather than worrying about worldly pleasures and their plight. Vidura particularly spoke about Vidyaa (Quality Education), Tapas (Will power to do things the right way), “Indrya Nighrahaat” (Controlling our five senses in the right way) and “Anyatra lobha santhyaadaath” (Letting go of unwanted and excessive desire and greed). If we’re able to mend ourself in these four ways, Vidura assures us of a robust spiritual growth towards Bhagawan.

Now moving on further, Vidura goes into the next important point and this time he’s going to talk about “Unity”. How important is “Unity” in this world and how important a leadership quality is it? If a leader is unable to unite all his people and aides together and drive them, it is going to end up in a disaster wherein the whole team is going to be split with ego and ideology clashes. Ultimately the task to be accomplished by the team goes for a toss! This is why in modern day management and leadership theory, this phenomenon called “Unity” is given a prime importance.

This is exactly what Vidura is also saying here. He explains to King Dhirdiraashtra thus, “Oh King! Do you know to what extent your greed has taken you? You’ve forgotten about the significance of the kingdom’s unity! You’re trying to implement a policy called ‘Divide & Rule’, which is an extremely dangerous approach for a king. You’re favoring your sons (Kauravas) and you’re trying to safeguard them (even if they’re doing innumerable wrongdoings) by splitting & dividing them from the Paandavas. Oh King Dhirdiraashtra! Because of your greed and jealousy you’ve even forgotten that Duryodhana and Yudishtra are none other than brothers! Your greed knows no bounds that you’re even going to the extent of breaking relationships. Hence rather than stopping your crooked son Duryodhana from doing sins, you’re only motivating him further to widen the gap between him and the Paandavas! Little do you realize how dangerous this strategy is! You’re not realizing the fact that only if all the brothers (Paandavas & Kauravas) are together, this Hasthinaapura kingdom is going to prosper!”

Conveying the above message, Vidura explains thus:

“Tam tavaha pyaaytaa nithyam tanavo bahunaassamaaha!!”

 Here Vidura explains the importance of “Unity” and why should we be united amongst all of the people surrounding us! Let us look at an interesting analogy here – If there are  many strands of cloth flying here and there in a room haphazardly, what is the use of these strands of cloth? Rather, if these strands are brought together and stitched into a beautiful garment, how useful can it be? Similarly if there is a mat that is wound together with so many bamboo sticks, unless and until the bamboo sticks stay together, the mat is usable. However if some sticks start to come out of the stitch, what would happen? Here, we can see two categories of people – One category of people realize the importance of the mat and hence they insert those few sticks that have come out from the stitch, seal them with their hands and make the mat intact for further usage. Whereas, there is another category of people who start pulling out all the remaining sticks from the mat, just because one or two of them have come out from the stitch! We should always make sure that we never fall under this second category of people. Whatever it is, our mat is important and not that one or two sticks that come out from the stitch. All we need to do is to re-insert those one or two sticks and tighten it up. This is where the unity comes to play. Just like how we unite those sticks in the bamboo mat to make it intact, we should also try and unite all our people together without haste and fights, so that our ultimate aim called “Bhakti” is achieved!

Here we should note that, more than performing individual prayers, Bhagawan always likes when we pray to Him together as a group! If we pray together along with hundreds or thousands of people, the effect of the prayer is extremely high and this is one huge way in which we can transform the whole world! The more and more people join us in a good way for a good cause, the more effective it is. In olden days, why did people have the habit of celebrating a temple festival by pulling the chariot wherein the deity is placed over it? It should be noted that this temple chariot is so huge that one person cannot even lift the lever to pull it forward. We can see this in many places even today – A minimum of 300-400 people would come together, lift the lever together and pull the chariot forward. This signifies that unity is very important amongst people.

Thus the message from today’s episode is that unity of prime importance amongst a family, a team in an organization or even people of our entire nation. If this unity goes missing, we’re inviting trouble for ourselves – How did the British people capture India 200 years ago? It is because India was never a united country at that time and the British used this as an opportunity to enter inside and invade us. Because of lack of unity, we had to lose battle after battle and finally we had to meekly surrender to the hands of the British! This is what would happen if there is lack of unity. Hence we should realize that unity is extremely important and that we shouldn’t keep fighting with someone every time. So for today, let us ponder over this important point and do the needful accordingly! We shall wait till the next episode to witness Vidura’s next message! Stay tuned! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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