Episode # 140 – Why are human beings in a sense of “fear” all the time? Vidura explains!!!

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In the previous episode we had extended the discussion on Vidura’s narration that poor people are blessed with more hunger than that of rich people. We witnessed various modern day happenings and lifestyle changes that suited the explanation Vidura had given 5000 years ago! Thus the message from yesterday’s episode was that, we should make it a point not to skip any meal of the day – Be it breakfast or lunch or dinner. Just like how we take care of our personal and professional commitments everyday, we should also take care of our physical commitments too and this is extremely important. If our physical body is out of shape owing to various reasons, then what is the point in excelling professionally and earning enormous money? We should take a moment and try to think about it and act accordingly.

Vidura explains this point very clearly thus:

“Praayena shreemathaam lokhe bhoktum shaktir na vidyate!

Jeeryantapi kaashtaani daridraanaam maheepathe!!”

Through the above sloka Vidura explains that for whatsoever reasons in this world, it is only for poor people that hunger, food habits and proper digestion of the consumed food happens perfectly at tandem (“Jeeryantapi kaashtaani daridraanaam”). He even goes on to say that the digestion capability of the human body is the strongest for the poorer people and it is strong to such an extent that even if he/she tries to eat iron or wood, the system would digest it without any problem! However for rich people, they are somehow not blessed with this kind of a capability in terms of proper digestion of food! (“Praayena shreemathaam lokhe”!)

Moving on further, Vidura explains thus:

“Avrutthir bhayam adhyaanaam madhyaanaam maranaath bhayam!

Utthamaanaam tu marthyaanaam avamaanaath param bhayam!!”

Now Vidura moves on to the next point and this time he is going to talk about who fears for what! It is evident here that we human beings have a constant fear about something or the other in our daily lives! Again the classification of people into the categories of rich, middle and poor class holds good for this discussion as well. Here Vidura is explaining which category of people fear for which of those things in life. He says that a poor person who is solely dependent on his daily wages for his food and shelter needs, would always have the fear as to what if he doesn’t get food three times a day for today! In other words, a poor person would always have the fear to meet his food demands for three meals a day. This is the status of the people who are poor.

Now for those people who are like us – The middle category. What do we fear for? Vidura explains that the people who form the strata of the middle category fear of death! (“Madhyaanaam maranaath bhayam) The moment we get some disease or the other in our body, we immediately start fearing if this disease would become fatal or not. Moreover in today’s world, if we get sick due to some ailment or the other, we get tensed as to how much of money are we going to spend for the hospital! Looking at the way in which hospitals fleece patients with exorbitant medical bills today, this itself would give us a heart attack and thus the fear of death would take over at some stage or the other! 🙂 And for those people who occupy the top most strata of the society, what do they fear for? These people fear for any kind of insult that might occur to them through some means or the other! This might spoil their brand name and their reputation amidst the society and they would be extremely cautious of this.

Thus we can see here that the people forming the lower strata of the society would be under constant fear of not getting food three times a day. People constituting the middle strata of the society fear for their life owing to various reasons like diseases, anti-societal elements, etc. Finally those people who make up the upper strata of the society fear for their brand reputation being taken for a toss due to insults from various corners.

Thus Vidura advises King Dhirdiraashtra on the above facts and this is a lesson for all of us as well. Hence for today, let us ponder over these points and think of how do we get over this fear that we constantly have in life! We shall wait till the next episode to extend this discussion forward in an interesting way as to what is “Heaven” and “Hell” for everybody in this world! Is “Heaven” and “Hell” same for everyone or is it going to be different for different people? Stay tuned to witness the answer! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham in Kerala, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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