Episode # 118 – Governments should administer taxes without burdening people – Vidura’s important “Raaj-Neethi”!!!


In the previous episode we had witnessed one of Vidura’s most important advice to King Dhirdiraashtra and in turn to all of us – We need to be patient till the fruit ripens, so as to pluck it and eat. Vidura uses this beautiful analogy to explain to all of us that we need to exhibit patience and a steady approach for any action of ours to become successful.

Now moving on to the next important point, Vidura now addresses all administrators again – This time with respect to the taxes that the administrator or government receives from the citizens of that particular kingdom or country. Of course in ancient days, it was kingdoms everywhere, but in the current day, we have countries. The terminology might change, but the underlying concept remains the same. Here Vidura explains how should a king or an administrator impose taxes on his subjects. He again explains this point using a beautiful analogy – A bee goes and sits on the flower to suck honey from it. All of us might know this and might have seen it too. However, does the bees’ suck out the entire quantity of honey from the flower and let the flower fade off? The answer is no! The bee only sucks a little quantity of honey from the flower, without spoiling the flower. Rather it allows the flower to blossom! Similarly, just like the bee sucking honey without spoiling the flower, a king should also extract taxes in such a way that the taxpayers (common people) are not harassed financially. In other words, taxes should be structured in such a way that the entire earning of a taxpayer should not go away only in paying taxes to the government.

Thus, if the government has to increase the amount of taxes that are to be collected, it should do so without burdening the common man. Vidura says thus:

“Yathaa madhu samaadatthe rakshan pushaani shadpataha!

Tadvadarthaan manushyebhya aadaddhya avihimsyathaa!!”

Here Vidura explains that a King should always make sure that he is not burdening his people in terms of collecting taxes. Only such a king is considered to be a successful and a righteous king in this world. How can this be possible? A king should exactly know what would be the expenses for the welfare and the development of his kingdom and in order to fulfill these legitimate expenses, taxes are to be collected.

How applicable is this explanation to the modern day? Are we seeing this kind of a financial management by any of our governments? The sad answer is no! Many of our readers might have a thought as to why am I always so critical and skeptical about modern day India. The main reason being that, we do not understand our rich culture and value systems and we are allegedly falling prey to some anti-national and anti-social elements that have come into India to spoil our nation. We are lacking unity amongst ourself to stand up in unison and to throw out all those destructive forces out of our country. This is exactly the reason why I’m trying to showcase the challenges that we face in the modern day, so that all of us can unite and fight those divisive forces from gaining strength.

In this context with regards to tax collection and usage of the taxpayers’ money, are we witnessing the implementation of Vidura’s advice? I would again talk on the perspective of India here – If we’ve to take a statistical analysis of how our taxpayers’ money is being constructively used by the government for uplifting our people, the dismal fact today is that hardly 5-10% of the money is put to constructive use. All the rest of the money goes in lavish spending of our third-rated politicians for fulfilling their own personal agenda and personal pockets! We talk about widespread corruption today. How does this corruption happen? It is all because successive governments in India have looted the taxpayers’ money for the past 60-70 years post independence. Having known this brazen fact, have we ever stood up and questioned the governments in the past, as to why such a lot of money has gone down to the drain without any benefit for the common man?

Sadly now, when the current government is trying its best to bring out India from the clutches of corruption, what do we do? Rather than questioning the people who were involved in looting for the past 60 years or so, we only question the rationale of this one Prime Minister who is striving hard to change our country! Instead of standing by our Prime Minister in this regard, we only throw barbs and muck on his face by not understanding fully what is changing on the ground. We are getting carried away by the false claims done by the opposition parties in India. They are propagating false news with the media in their hand, so that they could escape from the wrath of the law for all the money they’ve looted for the past so many decades!

Hence as a true Indian citizen, we should understand this hidden agenda of the anti-national forces and strive to stand by our present government in eradicating them once and for all from the country! Enough is enough! We’ve been harassed for the past 6-7 decades by the professional looters! Let us join together to build a better India, by following Vidura’s valuable advice! We shall wait till the next episode to continue this discussion further! Stay tuned! 🙂

Published by Dr. Jeayaram

Holds a PhD in Management Psychology from Universite Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Also an Asst. Professor of Human Resources management at International School of Business & Media, Pune, India. A professional South Indian classical musician (singer) performing concerts. Through this blog, I'm trying to bring out the richness of Indian culture & values and I request your support and feedbacks in making this humble effort a success!!

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