In the previous episode we had witnessed a very important explanation of Vidura regarding the important things that a “Grihasta” (Family-oriented person) and a “Sanyasin” (Saint) should not do. Vidura had clearly indicated here that a Grihasta should not be lazy and sit at home doing nothing. If that is the case with the Grihasta, a Sanyasin should be a person who is completely detached and doesn’t involve himself in any of the moneymaking businesses or activities that are connected to the materialistic world in some way or the other. The main role of a Sanyasin is to focus completely on spiritual growth, spiritual progress and strive towards attaining “Moksha” or “Salvation”. Thus if both of them interchange their roles, it would not be good for the kingdom and also for the world.
Now moving on further, Vidura explains the next important point. Here he explains that there are two categories of people who are highly regarded and are way beyond even Celestial beings in terms of their fame and significance. Who are they?
“Dvaavimau purushao raajan svargascha upari thishtithaha!
Prabhuscha kshamayaa yuktaha dharidraschah prathaapavaan!!”
Here Vidura explains from the above sloka that the following two categories of people command extremely high respect and are regarded very high by the world – “Prabhuscha kshamayaa yuktaha” means a person who is rich with all possible wealth under his name, yet he is patient and down to earth, without any jealousy or blemish. Such a person is hailed by the entire world and is very highly regarded. So this is the first category. The second category – “Dharidraschah prathaapavaan” means a person who is a “Dharidhra” (Poor and devoid of any wealth) and yet he tries to donate a significant portion of his little wealth he has, to others is also hailed by the entire world and his extremely regarded!
Now let us discuss both these points in detail. It is extremely rare to see rich and wealthy people being down to earth and without an iota of greed in them. This is an extremely rare combination of two characteristics – Wealth and patience (down to earth). If a person is an embodiment of such a combo, he is appreciated by the society. In the current day, how many rich people do we see, driving down an expensive car, using an expensive phone, etc. yet, have that superiority complex in them? If we become rich and wealthy, the immediate psychological change that happens within us is that we start jumping up and down with greed of earning more and more money and with the intention that we are the best in the world! At this time, we fail to realize that we need to be grounded to the earth always!
My music Guru (teacher) keeps advising me – “If you are on the stage to perform a concert, think within yourself that you are the king and the audience do not know anything! Whereas, if the concert is over and when you come down the stage, think within yourself that you do not know anything and the audience are the kings!” How significant is this statement? If we are to perform on the stage with the mindset of being the king of everything, it boosts our confidence and our performance output increases! At the same time, after the concert, if we have the mindset that the audiences are the kings, it would show our “down-to-earth” attitude and accept constructive criticism from the well-informed audience. This is why we keep repeatedly saying that it is not enough if we have all the richness and the wealth with us – Here, wealth might be both financial and knowledge! However the wealth would quickly go into the drains if we were not “down to earth”! Hence the message from the first category of people is that, at any instance of our life, we always need to exhibit the patience and down-to-earth characteristic.
Now the second category – A person even though he is a “Dharidra” (Poor), tries to donate a portion of his wealth to someone who is in dire need! How noble a characteristic is this? This is another quality that is hailed and widely appreciated by the world! There are people even today who do not have the capability of getting three meals a day and yet, if someone comes to their home with hunger, they would never hesitate to feed them first with the little food that they have! Here, this category of people never even care to satisfy their hunger in the first place, but will strive to satisfy the hunger of others in need! Thus Vidura explains that these two categories of people are highly respected and appreciated even by Bhagawan himself!
Hence, patience and down-to-earth attribute (“Kshamaa”) amongst wealthy people and the intention of donating something (“Dhaana”) to needy, even while being poor are the two most noble characteristics in this world! So for today, let us introspect within ourselves as to which of the two categories of people we fall into and try to implement these in our daily lives! We shall wait till the next episode to find out the next point explained by Vidura! Stay tuned! 🙂